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IPDM I WK 2 and 3 Lecture

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alchemist04's version from 2016-04-20 22:33

Section

Question Answer
Types of Tests in the labQuantitative and Qualitative
Example of QuantitativeBlood glucose
Example of QualitativePregnancy test
Normal Lab Values meanLab values result falls within the normal reference range. Not necessary a normal clinical picture
Abnormal Lab Values meanLab values result fall outside the normal reference range. Not necessary an abnormal clinical picture
Reference rangean identified and predetermined range of values
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Question Answer
Fishbone diagrama method used to record common laboratory data (see slide 10)
What are measured in Erythrocytes (RBC)(1) Hemoglobin (Hgb) (2) Hematocrit (Hct) (3) Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) (4) Mean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration(MCHC)
What are measured in Leukocytes (WBC)(1) Neutrophil (2) Lymphocyte (3) Monocyte (4) Eosinophil (5) Basophil
What are included in Hematology Fishbone diagram(1) WBC (2) Hgb (3) Hct (4) Platelet
Where do all Hematology components come from?from the bone marrow
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Question Answer
HgB meansHemoglobin
Hct meansHematocrit
MCV meansMean Corpuscular Volume or Mean Cell Volume
MCH meansMean cell Hgb
MCHC meansMean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration
ESR meansErythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
ThrombocytesPlatelets
RDW meansRBC distribution width
MVPPlatelet count and Mean Platelet Volume
ANC meansAbsolute Neutrophil Count
CBC meanscomplete blood count
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Question Answer
What Constitutes CBC Traditionally?(1) RBC (2) Hgb (3) Hct (4) RBC indices (5) Reticulocytes count (6) WBC (7) MPV
What constitute CBC with differential?(1) RBC (2) Hgb (3) Hct (4) RBC indices (5) Reticulocytes count (6) WBC (7) MPV plus information on (8) Neutrophil (9) Lymphocytes (10) Monocytes (11)Eosinophil (12) Basophil
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Question Answer
In which gender is RBC higher, female or male?Male
What is the unit for measuring RBC?10 ^6 Cells/mm^3
RBC range in male?4.5 - 5.9 x 10^6 cells/mm^3
RBC range in female?4.1 - 5.1 x 10^6 cells/mm^3
RBC Lifespan is?90-120 days
RBC is used to monitor quantitative changesRBCs, Hgb and Hct
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Question Answer
In which gender is Hgb higher, female or male?Male
What is the unit for measuring Hgb?g/dL
Hgb range in male?14-17.5 g/dL
Hgb range in female?12.3-15.3 g/dL
In which patient do you find low Hgb?Patient with anemia
What does anemia medical terminology mean?a = w/o, mia relating to blood, low number of red blood/blood cells or Hemoglobin
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Question Answer
In which gender is Hct higher, female or male?Male
What is the Unit for measuring Hct?%
Hct range in male?42-50%
Hct range in female?36-45%
In which patient do you find low Hct?Patient with anemia
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Question Answer
RBC indices include?(1) MCV (2) MCH (3) MCHC (4) RDW
Normal MCV range is ?75-100 um^3
Microcytic anemia (MCV) for iron deficiency is?MCV < 75 um^3
Macrocytic anemia (MCV) for Vit B-12 or folic acid deficiency is?MCV > 100um^3
MCV < 75 um^3 means?Iron deficiency anemia
MCV > 100 um^3 means?Vit B-12 or Folic acid deficiency
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Question Answer
What does MCH stands for?Mean Cell Hemoglobin
MCH normal range is?27-33 pg/cell
What does MCHC stands for?Mean Cell Hemoglobin Concentration
MCHC normal range is?33.4-35.5 g/dL
What does RDW stands for?Red Blood Cell Distribution Width
RDW normal range is?11.5 -14.5%
Which of the of the ff (MCH, MCHC, RDW) indicates variation in red cell size?RDW
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Question Answer
Reticulocytes count is?# of immature erythrocytes
Reticulocytes normal range is?0.5-2.5% of RBC
How long does it take Reticulocytes to mature?1-2 days
Drug-induced bone marrow suppression will result?A Reticulocytes close to zero
What happens to Reticulocyte count of an anemic patient?Reticuolytes should increase within 5-7 days
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Question Answer
WBC meansWhite Blood Cell
What is the normal range value of White Blood Cell (Leukocyte)?5-10 x 10^3/mm^3
Leukocytosis meansIncreased WBC
Leukopenia meansdecreased in WBC
Neutrophilia meansincreased in WBC
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Question Answer
Chromic meansColor
Normochronic meansNormal color (Normal amount of Hgb)
Hypochromic meanslow color (Decreased amount of Hgb in cells)
Hyperchromic meansHigh color (Increased amount of Hgb in cells)
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Question Answer
What are the examples of Granulocytes?(1) Neutrophil, (2) Eosinophil (3) Basophil
What are the examples of Agranuclocytes?(1) Lymphocyte (2) Monocyte
What is Neutropenia ANC Range<1500 cells/mm^3
What is Agranulocytosis Range< 500 cells/mm^3
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