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IP 2 AKI

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alchemist04's version from 2018-11-28 01:59

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Question Answer
CrCl for male(140 - age) * (IBW) / ( * 72)
CrCl for female(0.85)(140 - age) * (IBW) / (SCr * 72)
What is the unit for CrCl?mL/min
IBW for male50 kg + 2.3 * (ht in inches - 60)
IBW for female45.5 kg + 2.3 (ht in inches - 60)
AjBWIBW + 0.4[Actual body weight - IBW]
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Question Answer
Prerenal AKI causes(1) Volume depletion (2) hypotension (3) ACEI (4) Angiotensin Receptor Blockers -ARBs (5) NSAIDs (6) hypovolumetric (7) Arterial Vasoconstriction and vasoconstrictors like cyclosporin (8) Hemorrage
SXs of Prerenal AKI(1) Low I and O (2) Increased SCr, Decreased GFR and Hypo-perfusion (3) Hypotension (4) Signs of dehydration (5) High BUN-SCr ratio (6) Urine Na+ < 20 mEq/L (7) FeNa <1%
What is the principal tool to detect AKI?(1) SCr (2) eGFR
What are the SXs of AKI?nausea and vomiting, dehydration, confusion, high blood pressure, abdominal pain, slight backache, a build-up of fluid in the body (oedema)
RXs for Prerenal AKI?Furosemide 40 mg IV
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Question Answer
Which category of AKI is as a result of damages to the kidney?Intrinsic AKI
Which 2 categories are the Tubular damage AKIIschaemic and Nephrotoxic
What are the causes of Ischaemic AKI?(1) Shock and Trauma (2) Hemorrhage (3) Complication from surgery (3) Bacteraemia (4) Pancreatitis (5) Pregnancy
What are the causes of Nephrotoxic AKI?(1) Antibiotics (2) Antineoplastic drugs for cancer (3) Contrast media (4) Organic solvent (5) Anesthetic drugs (6) Heavy metals
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Question Answer
Renal caststhese are segment of nephron that form from matter deposited w/n the renal tubule and may show up in the urinalysis
Where do you mostly found Ischemic Renal injury?At PCT and Ascending loop of Henle
Reduced Oxygen transportation to PCT and Ascending Loop of Henle could cause?Acute Tubular Necrosis (Ischemic AKI)
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Question Answer
Which types of diuretics causes increase in extracellular volume and is harmful to patients w/ preexisting Heart failure?Carbonic anhydrase
Which types of diuretics are most efficacious?Loop diuretics (Furosemide, Torsemide, Bumetanide, Ethacrynic acid
Which of the diuretics extensively bind to protein (albumin)?Loop diuretics
What is "braking" and which drug could cause "braking"?Acute tolerance to loop diuretics
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Question Answer
At what pH does Furosemide is free soluble?pH 7 and above (alkaline solutions). Avoid acid solution concurrent administration.
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