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Invertebrate classes (8) Vertebrate classes (7)

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ily2804's version from 2017-10-17 07:57

Invertebrates

Question Answer
pPlatyhelminthes
Aarthropods
Ccnidaria
MMolluscs
AAnnelids
Pporifera
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Porifera

 

Question Answer
Name Meaningpore-to bare
Symmetryassymetric
Level of OrganizationMulticellular;no tissues only cells
Protostome or deuterostomeprotostome
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Coelomacoelomate;no cavity
Habitat98% marine;2% freshwater
Mode of locomotionsessile
Structural ElementsAcoelomate;choanocytes(collar cells);flagella that bring them food
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Acquisition of nutrientsFilter feeders;amesoba cells
Nervous system or sensoryNone;can conduct electrical current
ReproductionAsexual by fragmentation and budding;sexual by sequential hermaphroditism
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DefenseSpicules;toxins
ExcretoryOscultion is used to expel amonia
Unique CharacteristicsSpicules;nonnervous system;Seq Hermaphroditism;germules
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Cnidara

Question Answer
Name MeaningStinging metal
SymmetryRadial
Level of OrganizationDiploblastic(cell and tissue layers)
Protostome or deuterostomeProtostome
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CoelomPsuedocoelomate
HabitatMarine
Mode of locomotionCurrent driven; hydrostatic
Structural Elementsnematocysto in cnidoblast;tentacles;hydrostatic skeleton;integument(skin)
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Question Answer
Acquisition of nutrientsCarnivorous;digestive system
Nervous System or sensorySimple nerve nets;lack brain but sensory structure
ReproductionSexual(ciliated Larva) and asexual
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DefenseHematocyst Stinger;Nidoblast holds nematocyst
ExcretoryEat and expel through same hole
Unique characteristicsDiffusion
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Platyhelminthes

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Name MeaningFlatworm
SymmetryBilateral
Level of OrganizationTriploblastic;Endoecia Meso
Protostome or DeuterostomeProtostome
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Question Answer
CoelomPsuedocoelomate
HabitatMarine
Mode Of LocomotionHaptor(attach to host);undulate
Structural ElementsEyespots(ocella);auricle;brain;pharynx;hydrostatic skeleton;auticles for waterproofing
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Question Answer
Acquisition of NutrientsPharynx;extended through mouth
Nervous System or SensoryLadder nervous system
ReproductionAsexual by splitting in half;hermaphrodites;penis fencing
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DefenseNone;cuticle
Excretoryflame cells
Unique Characteristicstapeworms;Flukes;flatworms do not have segments;respiration through diffusion;has first kidneys;flame cells
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Nematoda

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Name MeaningThread-like
SymmetryBilateral
Level Of organizationTriploblastic
Protostome or deuterostomeProtostome
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Question Answer
CoelomPsuedocoelomate
HabitatEvery geographic location
Mode of locomotionMove erradically;only move side to side
Structural elementsCuticle;hydrostatic skeleton;undergo molting;false body cavity
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Acquisition of nutrients
Nervous system or sensoryNerves; main ventral nerve
ReproductionFemale dietous;male has hooked tail;copulate
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DefenseCuticle;trichinosis;bayliasarisia
ExcretoryExcretion through body;everywhere
Unique Characteristicsroundworms;mother is eaten-whipworms-pinworms;eat dirt
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Annelida

Question Answer
Name MeaningLittle ring
SymmetryBilateral
Level of organizationTriploblastic
Protostome or deuterostomeProtostome
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CoelomCoelomate
HabitatWet Soil
Mode of locomotionSetae;hydrostatic skeleton;circular and longitudinal muscles
Structural elementsCuticle;epidermis;long and circular muscles;intestine;nerve cord;setea;metanephrdine;septum
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Acquisition of nutrientsSteps
1)Mouth
2)Pharynx
3)Esophagus
4)Crop-Muscular holding pouch
5)Gizzard
6)Intestine
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Nervous system or sensoryBrain;pumping vessles(5 hearts)
ReproductionClitellum(hermaphrodite);Lay eggs
DefenseSome are parasitic;Burrow
ExcretoryFecal Casts
Unique CharacteristicsNumber one component of good soil
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Mullosca

Question Answer
Name MeaningSoft body
SymmetryBilateral
Level of organizationTriploblastic
Protostome or deuterstomeProtostome
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CoelomCoelomate
HabitatLand and Water
Mode of locomotionFoot syphins
Structural elementsMantle;foot;vistral;mass
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Acquisition of nutrientsRadula;beak;filter feeds
Nervous system or sensoryNervous system
ReproductionSexual reproduction
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DefenseInk;Venom;Shell
ExcretoryKidney
Unique CharacteristicsSuction cups;eight arms;huge eyes
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Arthropoda

Question Answer
Name MeaningJointed feet
SymmetryBilateral
Level of organizationTriploblastic
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Protostome or deuterostome: Protostome

 

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CoelomCoelomate
Habitateverywhere
Mode of locomotionMuscles attached to exoskeleton
Structural elementsChitin;exoskeleton;ecidysis
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Acquisition of nutrientsPrimary consumers-large majority of food chain;most herbivores;some carnivores
Nervous system or sensoryHighly developed nervous system
ReproductionMost are opivarous-egg layer;dieousous
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DefenseSting;pinchers;exoskeleton-volnerable after molting
ExcretoryDeveloped kidneys
Unique characteristicsMetamorphosis
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Echinodermata

Question Answer
Name meaningSpiny Skin
SymmetryBilateral;pentamoral
Level of organizationTriploblastic
Protostome or deuterostomeDeuterostome
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Question Answer
CoelomCoelomate
HabitatMarine environment
Mode of locomotionTube feet;water vascular system;walk on spine
Structural elementsMadreporite;vascular ring;oral side-bottom;vaboral side-top
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Question Answer
Acquisition of nutrientsCarnivores
Nervous system or sensoryNot very sophisticated nervous system
ReproductionSexual
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DefenseFeet spines
ExcretoryNot sophisticated kidneys
Unique characteristicsRegenerate
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