Introduction - Words and Lexemes

gemmalesley's version from 2017-05-13 10:08


Question Answer
Morphologystudy of word structure
Derivational morphologyeach new word may belong to a different word category
Inflectional morphologyeach new word belongs to the same word category
Semantic unitscan be made up of more than word
Minimal free formthe word is the smallest unit that can exist on its own
Rootthe part of the word which cannot be broken down further
Free form rootcan stand on its own as a word
Bound rootcannot stand on its own as a word
Basethe unit the affix is attached to
Affixalways bound
Prefixcomes before; un-, mis-
Suffixcomes after; -ly, -er
Infixcomes within (no English words)
Type and Tokenthe forms of the word, and the number of times each form appears