Intro to Lit - Poetry

mbrnr's version from 2015-05-03 08:22

Section 0

Question Answer
Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance and Onomatopoeia belong to?Phonological rhetorical figures->level of sound
Anaphora, Epiphora, Epanalepsis, Anadiplosis, Polyptoton, Figura etymologica, Synonymy belong toMorphological rhetorical figures->level of words and word formation
Parallelism, Chiasmus, Asyndeton, Polysyndeton, Inversion, Hysteron Proteron, Ellipsis, Aposiopesis, Zeugma belong toSyntactic rhetorical figures->level of sentence and structure
Simile, Metaphore, Synaesthesia, Personification, Metonymy, Synecdoche, Antonomasia, Periphrasis/Circumlocution, Euphemism, Hyperbole, Irony, Litotes, Oxymoron, Paradox, Antithesis, Hendiadys and Paronomasia/pun belong to?Semantic rhetorical figures->level of language use

Section 1

Question Answer
Which of the following rhyme schemes has an exact consonance of phonemes?Full Rhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes involves words which are identical in sound but different in meaning?Rich Rhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes is formed by the repetition of the same word?Identical Rhyme
In which of the following rhyme schemes only the vowel sounds rhyme?End Assonance
In which of the following rhyme schemes only the consonants rhyme?Consonace
In Which of the following rhyme schemes only the initial and the final consonants are repeated?Pararhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes uses homographs (written the same, pronounced differently)?Eye Rhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes used to rhyme?Historical Rhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes is a division of one of the rhyme words into more than one word?Mosaic Rhyme
Which of the following rhyme schemes is created by dividing a word with a line break?Broken Rhyme
What is a rhyming couplet?aa bb cc
What is a alternate rhyme?abab cdcd
What is a embracing rhyme?abba cddc
What is a chain rhyme?aba bcb cdc
What is a tail rhyme?aab ccd
What is a end rhyme?Rhyme between stressed final vowels
What is a internal rhyme?Rhyme between two or more words within the same line
What is a masculine rhyme?Last stressed syllables rhyme
What is a feminine rhyme?Penultimate + last syllable rhyme
What is a triple rhyme?Third last, penultimate + last syllables rhyme
What is Alliteration?Succession of words of the same intial sound
What is Consonance?Repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants
What is Assonance?Repetition of vowel sounds
What is Onomatopoeia?Use of words which imitate sounds

Section 2

Question Answer
What is Anaphora?Repetition of an intial word/word group
What is Epiphora?Repetition of a word/word group at the end of a line
What is Epanalepis?Repetition of words in close succession
What is Anadiplosis? Intial repetition of words which are at the end of the preceding line
What is Polyptoton?Repetition of a word in different inflected forms (think-thinking)
What is figura etymologica?Repetition of a root word in different forms (think-thinker)
What is Synonymy?Repetition by the replacement with a word with the same meaning
What is Parallelism?Succession of clauses or sentences of the same structure
What is Chiasmus?Reversal of structures in successive clauses
What is Asyndeton?Succession of words or phrases with a comma
What is Polysyndeton?Succession of words or phrases linked with a conjoining word (and)
What is Inversion?Reversal of normal word order
What is Hysteron Proteron?Reversal of the logical succession of words
What is Ellipsis?Omission of sentence components
What is Aposiopesis?Abrupt cessation before the end of an utterance
What is Zeugma?Application of 1 verb to more than 1 object

Section 3

Question Answer
What is imagery?Metaphor, Metonymy, Synecdoche and Synaesthesia
What is denotation?Literal, basic meaning of a word
What is connotation?Additional, peripheral meaning associated with a word
What is a Simile?One thing is likened to another by means of a comparative particle
What is a Metaphor?The characteristics od a particular vehicle are transferred to a tenor (2 different semantic fields linked)
What is Synaesthesia?Vehicle and Tenor allude to different sensory perceptions (runs in blood)
What is Personification?A concrete or abstract element is presented as if it were alive or human
What is Metonymy?Replacement of one term with another to which it is logically or causally connected
What is a Synecdoche?Replacement of a term with a narrower or a broader term of the same semantic field
What is Antonomasia?Replacement of a generic term with a proper name
What is a Periphrasis?Description of an element by making reference of its characteristics
What is Euphemism?Reference to something by means of a milder, more positive term
What is a Hyperbole?Use of exaggeration
What is Irony?Meaning the opposite of what is said
What is Litotes?Reference to an element or quality by negating its opposite
What is a Oxymoron?Trenchant combination of two apparently contradictory terms
What is a Paradox?An apparently contradictory statement which, on a closer inspection, found to be true
What is a Antithesis?Juxtaposition of two logically opposed elements
What is Hendiadys?An idea that would usually be expressed by a single noun phrase is represented by two words joined by a conjunction
What is Paronomasia?a play on words using two identical or similar sounding words with different and perhaps contradictory meanings

Section 4

Question Answer
Text-centred approaches/Text-orientedText intrinsic approaches,
New Criticism/Close Reading
Structuralism-structural features/Formalist
Poststructuralism-differences within a text/Deconstruction
Author-centred approachesBiographical approach
Psychoanalytical approach
Rhetorical studies
Reader-centred approachesReader-Response Criticism
Cognitive Poetics (Narratology)
Empirical Reception Studies
History of Reception and Effect of works
Approaches centering on the literary contextStudies on lit. sources and influences
Literary sociology
Studies on intertextuality & intermediality
Historical reality as context (context-centred)Feminist literary criticism
Marxist literary criticism
Post-colonial theory
New Historicism
Cultural Studies/Materialism
Comprehensive TheoriesGender studies
Postcolonial criticism
Empirical literary theory

Section 5

Question Answer
ellipsis (cut)no discourse time, story time runs on
summery (speed up)discourse time < story time
scenediscourse time = story time
stretch (slow down)discourse time > story time
pausediscourse time runs on, no story time
teleologicalgoal oriented, developmental, goes towards climax, quest, novel of education, "from childhood to majurity"
cyclicalhero's journey plot - events from hero's departure until return, all about returning to harmony
episodicone character followed through a series of adventures, plot rises and falls, resembles real life, less intense emotional impact on audience
staticno development (descriptive texts, modernism)
multiple plot linescausally connected or through character, common theme, main plot vs. subplot
homodiegetic1st person, narrator is part of narrated story but not protagonist, not omniscient
autodiegetic1st person, narrator is protagonist, character narrates his or her own life story
heterodiegetic3rd person, narrator is outside the story, conventionally omniscience
Authorial narrative situationform: heterodiegetic, 3rd person
format: overt, omniscient, reliable narrator
focalisation: external, usually no reflector used, view: both inside and outside possible, mode: telling dominant
Figural narrationform: heterodiegetic 3rd person
format: covert narrator, focaliser has very limited knowledge, often unreliable
focalisation: internal, split between who sees (focaliser) and speaks (narrator)
view: focaliser: inside view, other characters: outside view
mode: changes between telling an showing
First person narrationform: autodiegetic 1st person
format: overt narrator, I-as-narrator: superior knowledge, generally limited knowledge, reliable and unreliable possible
focalisation: I-as-narrator: external, I-as-character: internal
view: both inside and outside possible, no inside of other characters
mode: changes between telling and showing
direct discoursetagged vs. untagged
eg. "What a marvelous view.", she said -> tagged
often quotation marks
original tense + deixis
main clause
free indirect discourse (narrated monologue)3rd person, often untagged
character's discourse to point of view of narrator, deixis transposed (here->there)
eg. Had she observed him at all?
uses main clause
loose syntax, exclamination
thoughts of character
indirect discourse (~psycho-narration)3rd person, tagged
summarizes, interprets, ...the character's language, point of view: narrator
eg. Mary wondered what she should do.
deixis change
subbordinate clause
feelings, thoughts
stream of consiousness (interior monologue)1st person
incomplete sentences, alogical, non-coherence
eg. I think I'll get a bit of fish tomorrow or today is it Friday yes I will with some...
Highly mimetic
original tense and deixis
elyptical syntax, less punctuation
seemingly unmediated