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Intro To IO Psychology

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Updated 2007-02-08 07:33

Intro to I/O Psychology

Word/Idea/Person Definition/About
SIOPSociety for I/O Psychology
Industrial Psychologyimprove, evaluate, predict employee
Organizationalhow organizations impact individuals
EmployersAcademic and Consulting Firms
Master in I/O takes2 years to earn
Ph.D. in I/O take5 years to earn
Wilhem Wundt Founder of Psychology and trained pioneers of I/O
Walter Dill Scott, Early True Scientist Practitioner, published psychology of advertising
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Word/Idea/Person Definition/About
Hugo MunsterbergFather of I/O, selection process for trolley drivers
Frederick TaylorScientific management, analyze job characteristics and then find employee
Bureau of Salesmanship ResearchWalter Dill Scott was Director, predicted sales performance
Robert YerkesWrote the Army Alpha and Beta test
Walter Dill Scott, WWIbegan job analysis and performance appraisal
Psychological Corporationfounded by James McKeen Cattell, studied individual differences via heredity
Walter Dill Scott, between warsfounded the Scott company, and took over Psych Corp
Bruce V. Mooreearned first Ph.D. in I/O Psychology from Carnegie Tech, worked at PSU
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Word/Idea/Person Definition/About
Hawthorne Studieseffect of work environment on performance, birth of Organizational Psychology
Walter Bingham, WWIIChaired advisory committee on classification of military person, Army General classification Test
Hofstede’s Theory of Cultureindividual vs collective; power distance; uncertainty avoidance; masculinity vs femininity; long vs short term orientation
Correlation Researchused most often used method, cannot tell causality, how do naturally occurring variables covary
Constructsnon-tangible variable like job satisfaction or self efficacy
Reliabilitymeasuring something consistently, >= .70
Test-Retest Reliabilitystability of a measure over time
Parallel Forms Reliabilityconsistency of scores from one version of a measure with another version
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Word/Idea/Person Definition/About
Inter-Rater Reliabilityconsistency with which people provide rating
Internal Consistency ReliabilitySplit Half Reliability, consistency of responses to items within a measure
Coefficient Alphaaverage of all possible split halves
Validitymeasuring what is intended
Construct Validityhow well an instrument measures an abstract quality
Content Validitylogical conceptual evidence, sampling of the entire domain that a construct represents
Convergent and Discriminant Validitystatistical evidence, measure variable of interest and related (convergent) and unrelated (discriminant) variables
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Question Answer
Trivial Correlationr < 0.10
Word/Idea/Person :: Definition/About
Weak Correlation0.10 < r < 0.30
Moderate Correlation0.30 < r < 0.50
Strong Correlation0.50 < r
Coefficient of Determinationr2, proportion of variance in one variable that is accounted by the other variable
Meta Analysisquantitative summary of numerous empirical studies
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