Interstitial Lung Disease

benryan95's version from 2016-01-13 12:34


Question Answer
What is interstitial lung disease?Generic term for conditions that primarily affect the lung parenchyma in a diffuse manner - chronic inflammation and/or progressive interstitial fibrosis
What are 2 symptoms of interstitial lung disease?Dyspnoea on exertion, non-productive paroxysmal cough
What is the pattern on spirometry?Restrictive
What are 3 pathological features of interstitial lung disease?Fibrosis and remodelling of the interstitium, chronic inflammation, hyperplasia of type 2 epithelial cells or type 2 pneumocytes
What are the 3 classifications of ILD?Those with known cause, those associated with systemic disorders, idiopathic
Name 5 known causesoccupational, drugs, hypersensitivity reactions, infections, gastro-oesophageal reflux
Name 4 systemic disorders associated with ILDSarcoidosis, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, ulcerative colitis
Name 3 idiopathic types of ILDIdiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, cryptogenic organising pneumonia, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia