International Relations Final Exam

jay20268's version from 2015-05-04 05:03

Section 1

Question Answer
valuesprinciples or standards that individuals use to distinguish the most desirable and appropriate objects or issues
identitythe characteristics by which a person is recognizable as a member of a cultural group, such as a nation, an ethnic group or a religion
culturea set of values, behaviors, and symbols shared by a group of people and communicated from one generation to the next
political culturea set of values and norms essential to the functioning of international and national political institutions, including the attitudes of states toward each other and individual citizens
authoritythe right of an individual group, or institution to exercise power
tribalisma way of thinking and a movement identifying itself not with nation-states, but rather with a religious or ethnic group
kin countrya common identity recognized by people living in separate sovereign countires
xenophobiafear and contempt of foreign countries and foreigners, helping politicians and regimes to mobilizes public opinion, defeat political opposition, win elections, neutralize critics, and justify war
conspiracy theoriesthe beliefs that certain international developments happen as a result of secret plots of some ethnic or cultural groups against others
fundamentalisma point of view or social movement distinguished by rigid adherence to principles rooted in tradition (typically religious tradition) and often by intolerance of individual rights and secularism
cultural imperialismthe policy of imposing cultural values on others
competitive authoritarianisma hybrid political culture with a competitive electoral system in which a single leader or party dominates. They use state power to defeat opposition and mobilize public opinion

Section 2

Question Answer
index of state capabilitya measure of a state's ability to deliver its essential functions
pan-alliancescoalitions among states that achieve political and economic interdependence. These political and economic units are based on economic ties, common policies, and shared values
BolivarianismA populist political and social ideology supporting unification of Latin American states.
modernization theorieseconomic and political theories stating that the West's path of economic and political development can apply globally
democratic transition theoriespolitical theories stating that the best guarantor of international stability is liberal democracy
scarcity theoriestheories assuming that the planet cannot sustain the growing human population

Section 3

Question Answer
Oscar AriasCosta Rican president. Believes that many economic and political problems in Latin America can be solved if people find the resources and the will to overcome corruption, fear of innovation, and reliance on the use of force
Samuel HuntingtonArgued that civilizations are rooted in different religious and cultural values and different historical experiences
Mikhail GorbachevCommon European home. Called for nuclear disarmament and the renunciation of the use of force in international relations
Slobodan MilosevichLeader of Yugoslavia. Put on trial in The Hague. He died in jail while awaiting trial for war crimes
Gamal NasserEgyptian president. Believed that only a unified Arab civilization acting as an "anti-imperialist" force could become a new powerful actor in international affairs
Hugo ChavezSocialist president of Venezuela. Supported Bolivarianism
Deng XiaopingEconomically developed China while its diplomacy lagged behind
NostradamusFrench royal psychic
Simon BolivarFounded Bolivarianism
Angela MerkelGerman Chancellor
Thomas MalthusPredicted that the inevitable depletion of natural resources would generate conflicts

Recent badges