Installing & Configuring

verickle's version from 2018-08-31 19:31

Physical and virtual instances supported by Windows Server 2012 R2 editions

EditionPOSE InstancesVOSE Instances
Essentials1 (POSE or VOSE)1 (POSE or VOSE)

Maximum hardware configurations in Windows Server versions

Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2008 R2
Failover cluster nodes6416

Server Core roles

Question Answer
Active Directory Certificate ServicesAvailable
Active Directory Federation ServicesNot Available
Active Directory Domain ServicesAvailable
Application Server (deprecated)Not Available
Active Directory Lightweight Directory ServicesAvailable
Fax ServerNot Available
Active Directory Rights Management ServicesAvailable
Network Policy and Access ServicesNot Available
DHCP ServerAvailable
Remote Desktop GatewayNot Available
Remote Desktop Session HostNot Available
Remote Desktop Web AccessNot Available
DNS ServerAvailable
Volume Activation ServicesNot Available
File and Storage ServicesAvailable
Windows Deployment ServicesNot Available
Print and Document Services Available
Remote AccessAvailable
Web Server (IIS)Available
Windows Server Update ServicesAvailable

Valid upgrade paths

Question Answer
Windows Server 2003 Standard to Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardInvalid
Windows Server 2008 Standard to Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardValid
Windows Server 2008 32-bit to Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bitInvalid
Windows 7 Ultimate to Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials Invalid

NIC teaming

Question Answer
Switch Independent ModeAll the network adapters are connected to different switches, providing alternative routes through the network.
Switch Dependent ModeAll the network adapters are connected to the same switch, providing a single interface with their combined bandwidth.

Volume types

Question Answer
Basic Disk
Dynamic Disk
Simple Volume
Spanned Volume
Striped Volume
Mirrored Volume
RAID-5 Volume
Simple LayoutRequires the pool to contain at least one physical disk and provides no fault tolerance. When more than one physical disk is available, the system stripes data across the disks
Mirror LayoutRequires the pool to contain at least two physical disks and provides fault tolerance by storing identical copies of every file. Two physical disks provide protection against a single disk failure; five physical disks provide protection against two disk failures
Parity LayoutRequires the pool to contain at least three physical disks and provides fault tolerance by striping parity information along with data
ThinThe system allocates space from the storage pool to the disk as needed, up to the maximum specified size
FixedThe system allocates the maximum specified amount of space to the disk immediately on creating it

Server Core Commands and Cmdlets

Question Answer
netdom join computernameJoins an Active Directory domain. You will be prompted for the username and password of a user with domain administrator privileges.
Sconfig.cmdConfigures and manages a series of common Server Core installation properties.
cscript scregedit.wsfEnables automatic updates.
Get-WindowsFeatureDisplays roles and features currently installed on the server.
Install-WindowsFeatureAdds roles or features.
Uninstall-WindowsFeatureRemoves roles or features.
netsh interface IPv4Includes a series of subcommands that enable you to configure IPv4 networking.
netsh advfirewallIncludes subcommands that enable you to configure the Windows firewall.
HelpProvides a list of all available Windows Server Core commands.

DISM Parameters

/Get-ImageInfo :Used to gather information from the image file such as index number, image name, description, and image size.
Question Answer
/ImageFileUsed to identify the location of the source image file.
/Mount-ImageParameter used to mount the image. When mounting the image, you must also specify an in index number or the name associated with the image. This information can be extracted from the /Get-ImageInfo parameter.
/MountDirDirectory in which the image is mounted to. For optimal performance, this should be on the local computer that is updating the image. Dism /Mount-Image /ImageFile:C:\TestImages\TestImage.wim /Name:"Image Name" /Mountdir:C:\MountedImage
/Cleanup-MountpointsIn some cases images might become locked/orphaned and are unable to be remounted. Use this switch when experiencing trouble with mounting images that might have been previously mounted.
/Add-PackageAdds one or more install packages or cabinet files (.cab) to a mounted image. When applying multiple packages, packages are listed in the order in which they should be installed. /Add-Package /PackagePath:[package path\] /PackagePath:[second package path\]
/Add-DriverAdds a driver to the offline image. For third-party drivers, you might choose the /ForceUnsigned switch.
/Remove-DriverRemoves a driver from the offline image.
/Commit-ImageApplies changes made to a mounted image and leaves the image mounted for additional changes.
/Get-PackagesProduces a list of Packages from the mounted image in the mount directory. This can also be piped > to a .txt file for easy reading.
/Get-FeaturesProduces a list of features by their case-sensitive name and their enabled/disabled status. This can also be piped > to a .txt file for easy reading. It’s used in conjunction with /Get-FeatureInfo /FeatureName:[FeatureName] to output additional details for the feature.
/Enable-FeatureEnables a specific feature.
/Disable-FeatureDisables a specific feature.
/Remove-PackageRemoves an installed package
/Unmount-ImageUnmounts the image.
/Set-EditionUsed to change an offline windows image to a higher edition.