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Injuries

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pbloveskinesiology's version from 2017-06-10 17:44

Section

Question Answer
carpal tunnel syndrome- description overuse/RSI of carpal tunnel (bony carpal arch concave on palmar side which is spanned by transverse carpal ligament and has nerves passing through it)
carpal tunnel syndrome- symptomsnumbness, tingling, decreased sensation in the hand
carpal tunnel syndrome- causesrepetitive and forceful gripping leading to tendon inflammation within carpal tunnel, compressing the median nerve in the hand
osteoarthritis - descriptiona degenerative joint disease that wears away cartilage, allowing bone spurs to grow in the joint
osteoarthritis- symptomsrestricted movement, muscle weakness and poor propioception
osteoarthritis- causesageing, wear and tear, response to traumatic sports injury
femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)- descriptiondeformation of femoral head or acetabulum (bone spurs) that cause the femur to butt against acteabulum at the end of range of movement
FAI- description 2damaging femoral head, acetabulum, and other joint structures; over time- tears of labrum and breakdown of articular cartilage= osteoarthritis
FAI- causes hip bone not forming normally in childhood and athletics groups
Ilio-tibial band syndrome- descriptionif band is tight, when knee flexes and extends, produces friction on lateral condyle of femur and irritation, inflammation, swelling and pain
IT band syndrome- causeswomen (due to hips turning knees in), runners, overpronation, leg length difference, weak hip muscles, naturally tight/wide hip muscles, running on hills, cambered roads
Slipped/herniated disk- descriptiondisk ruptures and nucleus protrudes through anulus putting pressure on spinal cord and nerve branches
Slipped/herniated disk- symptomsnumbness, radiating pain, weakness of extremities
hamstring strain- descriptionmost common injury in football, 91% non-contact during running, most commonly the BF long head
hamstring strain- risk factorsprevious injury, fatigue, poor flexibility, strength imbalance
shoulder dislocation - description98% anterior dislocations where head of humerus is displaced
shoulder dislocation- causesexcessive abduction and external rotation, impact that forces humeral head forwards, eg. falling backwards with hand out
shoulder dislocation- risk factorsshallowness of glenoid fossa, laxity of ligamentous structures, lack of strength and endurance in muscles for dynamic stability
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