Inheritance of common conditions

sxkerr's version from 2016-04-23 12:14


Question Answer
cystic fibrosisautosomal recessive
sickle cell anaemia – a condition where red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body, develop abnormallyautosomal recessive
thalassaemia – a group of conditions where the part of the blood known as haemoglobin is abnormal, which means affected red blood cells are unable to function normallyautosomal recessive
Tay-Sachs disease – a condition that causes progressive damage to the nervous system autosomal recessive
type 1 neurofibromatosis – a condition that causes tumours to grow along the nervesautosomal dominant
tuberous sclerosis – a condition that causes mainly benign (non-cancerous) tumours to develop in different parts of the bodyautosomal dominant
Huntingdon's disease – a condition in which certain brain cells become increasingly damaged over timeautosomal dominant
polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) – a condition that causes small, fluid-filled sacs called cysts to develop in the kidneysautosomal dominant
Duchenne muscular dystrophy – a condition that causes the muscles to gradually weaken, resulting in an increasing level of disabilityX-linked recessive
haemophilia – a condition that affects the blood's ability to clotX-linked recessive
fragile X syndrome – a condition that usually causes certain facial and bodily characteristics, such as a long face, large ears and flexible jointsX-linked recessive