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Infectious Diseases of the Lungs

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wimolafa's version from 2018-05-04 22:11

Infectious Diseases

Bacteria

Question Answer
StreptococcalGram Positive Bacteria
StaphylococcalGram Positive Bacteria
Klebsiella pneumoniaeGram Negative Bacteria
Pseudomonas aeruginosaGram Negative Bacteria
Haemophilus influenzaeGram Negative Bacteria
Legionella pneumophilaGram Negative Bacteria
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Bacteria in Depth

Question Answer
Subset of Gram Positive BacteriaStaphylococcus aureus
Subset of Gram Positive BacteriaStaphylococcus albus
Subset of Gram Positive BacteriaStaphylococcus epidermidis
These types of pneumonia are common in children and immuno-suppressed patientsStaphylococcal (Staphylococcus pneumoniae)
Gram positive stain this colorpurple
Associated with chronic alcoholics and septicemiaKlebsiella pneumoniae or Friedlander's bacillus
Normally found in the GI tract and contaminates many aqueous solutionsPseudomonas aeruginosa (Bacillus pyocyaneus)
Found in chronically ill and tracheostomized patients & has a characteristic smellPseudomonas aeruginosa (Bacillus pyocyaneus)
Gram Negative Will Stainpink
Secondary infection following viral infectionHaemophilus influenzae
Serotypes A-F with type B being pathogenicHaemophilus influenzae
American legion convention water tower, more than 20 different species that are present in soil and water, and multiply in standing waterLegionella pneumophila
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Viruses

Question Answer
InfluenzaeCan Cause Viral Pneumonia
types of influenzaA and B
Where is influenzae typically foundlow temperature and humidity
incubation period for influenzae virus1 to 3 days
who is typically affected by Influenzae virusyoung robust individuals
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)Can cause viral pneumonia
Member of the paramyxovirus group, which includes mumps and rubellaRSV
Affects about 25% of children under 1 year of age with respiratory illnessesRSV
Rarely fatal but forerunner of bacterial pneumoniaRSV
RSV is typically more prevalent during which seasons?Winter and Spring
Parainfluenzae VirusCan cause viral pneumonia
member of the paramyxovirus groupparainfluenzae virus
5 types of parainfluenzae1, 2, 3, 4A and 4B
Croup like symptomstype I parainfluenzae
type I parainfluenzae is most prevalent during which seasonsin children during winter
Type II and III parainfluenzae virussevere infections
Type II parainfluenzae is typically seenin children and occurs during winter
Type III parainfluenzae is seenin late spring and summer
Adenoviruscan cause viral pneumonia
serotypes identified of adenovirus30
cause viral infections in all age groupsAdenoviruses 4, 7, 14, and 21
associated with fatal cases of pneumonia in childrentype 7 adenovirus
adenovirus is most prevalent during which seasonsfall, winter, and spring
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Other Organisms Associated with Pneumonia

Question Answer
Primary atypical pneumonia, "walking pneumonia"Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Cause of Rocky Mountain spotted feverR. rickettsia
Cause of rickettsiapoxR. akarai
Cause of typhusR. prowazekii
Cause of Q feverR. burnetii (Coxiella burnetii)
TWAR strain of C. psittaciC. pneumoniae
Carried by birds, parakeets, chickens, ducks, and turkeysChlamydia psittaci
ChickenpoxVaricella
Implication of VaricellaCan cause a serious secondary pneumonitis
MeaslesRubella
Aspiration pneumonitisGastric juices
Lipoid pneumonitisMineral oil, fats from animals can cause a serious reaction while oils of vegetable origin are relatively inert
Immuno-suppressed patients (AIDS), although it is identified as a protozoa, it is more closely related to fungiPneumocystis carinii
Member of the herpes virus familyCytomegalovirus
Complication of AIDS; coexists with Pneumocystis cariniiCytomegalovirus
Histoplasma capsulatumFungal infections
Coccidioides immitisFungal infections
Blastomyces dermatitidisFungal Infections
Candida albicansFungal infections
Cryptococcus neoformansFungal infections
Aspergillus (opportunistic)Fungal infections
PeptococcusAnaerobic Infections (Aspiration - digestive tract)
PeptostreptococcusAnaerobic Infections (Aspiration - digestive tract)
BacteriodesAnaerobic Infections (Aspiration - digestive tract)
FusobacteriumAnaerobic Infections (Aspiration - digestive tract)
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