Indian History major events from (3000 BC to 1947 AD)

pavan2312's version from 2016-03-22 07:54


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3000 BC. Dravidian civilization was developed in Indus River Valley.
2500 BC. Age of Harappa and Mohenjodaro culture grew up in ancient India.
1600 BC. Aryans attacked India from the west and ejected the Dravidians.
1500 BC. Spiritual passages are written in Vedic period.
1000 BC. The great book of Vedic culture, Rig-Veda was composed.
750 BC. Aryans law over 16 Mahajanapadas was adapted in northern India, from the Indus River to the Ganges.
700 BC. The caste classification was appeared, by the Brahman priests.
600 BC. The Upanishad was composed.
543 BC. Bimbisara, the king of Magadha, was shifted his capital to Rajagriha in Bihar.
527 BC. Siddhartha Gautama was enlightened as Buddha.
500 BC. Mahavira established Jainism in northern India
493 BC. King of Magadha, Bimbisara dies and was succeeded by his son Ajatashatru.
461 BC. Ajatashatru died.
327 BC. Alexander, the great king of Greek attacked India.
304 BC. The Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya established the Maurya period with capital in Patna (Pataliputra in Bihar).
300 BC. The great epic Ramayana was composed.
300 BC. The Chola dynasty was established.
259 BC. The Mauryan king Ashoka, was changed to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist monks to nearby states.
250 BC. Buddhists carve the 1st cave temples was built (Lomas Rishi).
232 BC. Ashoka died.
200 BC. The great epic Mahabarata was composed.
184 BC. The Maurya period ended and the Sunga dynasty was begun.
150 BC Patanjali composed the Yoga Sutras.
150 BC. The book Kama sutra was composed.
100 BC. India was mainly divided into three parts Bactria in northwest India, Andhras in east India and Sungas in south India.
100 BC. The holy book of Hinduism, Bhagavata Gita was composed.
78 BC. The Sunga period was ended.
50 BC. King Simuka established the Satavahanas dynasty in Andhra Pradesh and extends his empire into the Deccan plateau.
50 AD. The first Buddhist stupa was established at Sanchi.
162 AD. Kushan king Kanishka was died.
200 AD. Hindus were divided into four castes; Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders (worker) and untouchable.
233 AD. End of the Kushan kingdom.
250 AD. The Satavahanas dynasty was collapsed.
300 AD. The Pallava period was established in Kanchi.
318 AD. Chandra Gupta established the Gupta kingdom and expanded it throughout the north India with capital in Patna.
350 AD. Samudra Gupta expanded the Gupta Empire into Assam, Deccan and Malwa.
350 AD. The Hindu mythologies, Puranas were composed.
450 AD. The king Kumar Gupta built the Nalanda University.
455 AD. The Huns attacked the Gupta kingdom in Punjab and Kashmir.
465 AD. King Harisena of the Vakataka dynasty had begun effort at the Ajanta caves.
499 AD. The great mathematician Aryabhata wrote the Aryabhatiya, the 1st book on Algebra.
500 AD. Bhakti culture was begun in Tamil Nadu.
510 AD. The Huns invaded Punjab, Gujarat and Malwa from the Gupta Empire.
528 AD. The Gupta kingdom was ended by the nonstop barbaric invasions.
535 AD. Cave temple of Elephanta Island was established (now in Bombay).
550 AD. The Chalukyan Empire was recognized in middle India with the capital of Badami.
600 AD. The Shakti culture (worship to mother-goddess) was begun.
606 AD. The king Harsha Vardhana built the empire of Thanesar.
629 AD. The Chinese Buddhist monk, Huang Tsang visited India.
647 AD. King Harsha Vardhana was defeated by the Chalukyas authority.
650 AD. Ellora caves were established.
650 AD. The Pallavas rules were beaten by the Chalukyas dynasty.
700 AD. The beach temple at Mamallapuram was established.
730 AD. King Lalitaditya rules were begun in Kashmir.
750 AD. Temples of Bhubaneshwar and Puri were established.
750 AD. The Palas ruling was begun in eastern India.
757 AD. The Kailasa temple at Ellora was established.
775 AD. The Rashtrakutas were beaten by the Chalukya dynasty.
775 AD. The Rashtrakuta dynasty built the rock cut Kailasha Temple at Ellora.
800 AD. Rajputs kingdoms were formed in middle India
888 AD. The Pallava Empire was ended.
890 AD. 1st Hindu temple in Khajuraho was established.
900 AD. The Bhagavata Purana was composed in Sanskrit language.
985 AD. Rajaraja I expanded Chola Empire throughout south India and built the temple of Thanjavur.
998 AD. Mahmud of Ghazni overcomes Punjab state.
1000 AD. The tribal king Nripa Kama established the Hoysala family.
1000 AD. Lingaraja and Rajarani temples were established at Bhubaneshwar in Orissa.
1000 AD. The Chola ruler Rajaraja built the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur (now in Tanjore).
1014 AD. Rajendra Chola I defeated the Palas ruler in Bengal.
1017 AD. The Cholas defeated Ceylon (now in Sri Lanka).
1030 AD. The Solanki king built the Jain temple at Mount Abu.
1050 AD. The Chola Empire had beaten the king Srivijaya.
1192 AD. Muhammad Ghori from Afghanistans defeated the Rajput king Prithvi Raj and established Muslim sultanate in Delhi.
1197 AD. The Ghuris destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramashila.
1211 AD. Iltutmish Shams became the sultan of Delhi.
1206 AD. The prince Qutb al-Din Aybak became the 1st sultan of Delhi.
1225 AD. Qutb al-Din Aybak built the Qutub Minar in Delhi.
1250 AD. Konarak sun temple was built.
1250 AD. The Cholas dynasties were ended..
1288 AD. The Italian traveler Marco Polo visited in India.
1290 AD. Jalal al-Din Firuz had established the Khalji sultanate.
1303 AD. Jalal al-Din Firuz had rebuilt his domain in Delhi.
1325 AD. Muhammad ibn Tughluq became sultan of Delhi.
1343 AD. Vijayanagar (in Hampi) capital was built.
1346 AD. The Vijayanagar kingdom defeated the Hoysalas and the Hoysala Empire was ended.
1370 AD. The Vijayanagar kingdom defeated the Muslim sultanate of Madura (now in Tamil Nadu).
1387 AD. The Kalan Masjid was built in Delhi.
1398 AD. Timur attacked and fired Delhi Sultinate, causing ended of the Sultinate period.
1490 AD. Guru Nanak Dev Ji founded Sikhism.
1498 AD. The Portuguese traveler Vasco Da Gama reached in India.
1509 AD. Portugal defeated Diu and Goa state.
1509 AD. The Vijayanagar kingdom was reached on the peak position in Krishna?? Raja.
1526 AD. Babur captured Delhi from the sultan Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mogul empire in India
1530 AD. Babur was died and his son Humayun succeeds him.
1540 AD. Babur’s son Humayun was exiled the by the Afghan Leader Sher Shah.
1555 AD. The king Humayun became reconquers of Delhi.
1556 AD. Akbar became the emperor of Delhi.
1562 AD. Akbar got married with Padmini, a Hindu princess of the Rajaputana Empire.
1565 AD. The Vijyanagar Empire was destroyed at the battle of Talikota
1600 AD. The British East India Company was established.
1605 AD. Akbar was died and was succeeded by his son Jahangir.
1617 AD. Jahangir’s son, Shah Jahan became the next emperor.
1627 AD. Chatrapati Shivaji (Sivaji) established the Maratha Empire.
1627 AD. Jahangir had died and Shah Jahan succeeds him.
1631 AD. Shah Jahan built the great Tajmahal.
1649 AD. The Vijayanagar Empire was ended.
1658 AD. Shah Jahan’s son Aurangajeb settled in power.
1688 AD. The Moguls complete the conquest of India
1690 AD. Britain came in Calcutta.
1699 AD. Guru Gobind Singh Ji founded Sikhism.
1707 AD. Aurangjeb died, the Mogul Empire was broken.
1710 AD. The Mogul kingdom was converted in various numbers: Sikhs (now in Punjab), Rajputs (now in Rajasthan) and Marathas (now in West India).
1713 AD. The leader of Maratha, Balaji Vaishvanath raised in power and the kingdom became traditional identified.
1736 AD. The Nayak family was ended.
1738 AD. Persian leader Nader Shah attacked India and captured Delhi.
1757 AD. East India Company had beaten France at the battle of Plassey and captured Bengal.
1758 AD. The Marathas conquered Punjab.
1761 AD. Begin destruction of the Maratha Empire.
1769 AD. A famine or food crisis killed ten million people in Bengal.
1776 AD. The Marathas defeat Mysore.
1794 AD. The Marathas defeat Delhi.
1802 AD. The Sikh Ranjit Singh established the Sikh empire with political capital in Lahore and religious capital in Amritsar.
1803 AD. Britain took Delhi from the Marathas.
1849 AD. Britain captured the Sikh empire in Punjab.
1853 AD. The British built the 1st railway in India.
1857 AD. Begin the first struggle of independence.
1862 AD. Bahadur Shah II had died, the Mogul period was ended and it captured by British.
1885 AD. The Indian National Congress (INC) was established.
1906 AD. The All-India Muslim League was established.
1920 AD. Mahatma Gandhi founded the peaceful freedom progress Satyagraha.
1921 AD. Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested for breaking the rules.
1921 AD. 156 thousands British peoples ruled over 306 million Indian people.
1922 AD. Gandhi was jailed, because he was against of British.
1930 AD. Allama Iqbal planed to divide India and make a homeland for Muslims.
1930 AD. Gandhi unleashes civil disobedience against the British.
1933 AD. The term Pakistan was created to indicate the country of Punjabi, Afghani, Kashmiri, Sindhi and Baluchistani people.
1937 AD. First voting was held, won by Congress.
1942 AD. Replaced of Gandhi Nehru became the leader of National Congress party.
1944 AD. Gandhi was free from jail.
1947 AD. On 14th August mid-night, Lord Mountbatten announced the division of India as two free countries, India and Pakistan.