juniperk's version from 2016-03-31 21:23

Section 1

Question Answer
Cell-mediated immune response.carried out by T cells, protects the body from virus infection and cancer, killing abnormal or virus infected body cells
What B-cells and T-cells do.T cells involve infected cells. B cells involve antigens in blood
Difference between antigens and antibodies.Antibodies are produced by the immune system in response to the presence of an antigen. Antigens are large molecules, usually proteins, on the surface of cells, viruses, fungi, bacteria, and some non-living substances such as toxins, chemicals, and foreign particles.
How adaptive immunity works. Adaptive immunity creates immunological memory after an initial response to a specific pathogen, and leads to an enhanced response to subsequent encounters with that pathogen.
Know what an antigen-presenting cell isCells that engulf pathogens, virus, bacteria and then present fragments of them on their surface
humoral immune responseThe extracellular spaces are protected by the humoral immune response, in which antibodies produced by B cells cause the destruction of extracellular microorganisms and prevent the spread of intracellular infections
Lungs are covered by a serous membrane called the ___ which folds back to line the pleural cavity. The membrane that lines the pleural cavity is called____. The space between the visceral and parietal pleura is filled with _____Visceral pleura. Parietal Pleura. Serous pleural fluid
Lung tissue is composed of _______ simple squamous epithelium
Trachea tissue is composed of ______ pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Know that the instrument that measures pulmonary volumes and capacities is calledspirometer
Know that the respiratory cycle consists ofinspiration (inhalation) and expiration (exhalation)
Know that movement of air into and out of the respiratory tract during inspiration and expiration is calledventilation
Tidal volume is the lung volume representingthe normal volume of air displaced between normal inhalation and exhalation when extra effort is not applied
Expiratory reserve volume (ERV)the additional amount of air that can be expired from the lungs by determined effort after normal expiration
Inspiratiory reserve volume (IRV) is the additional air that can be forcibly inhaled after the inspiration of a normal tidal volume.
Vital capacity (VC) is the maximum amount of air a person can expel from the lungs after a maximum inhalation.
Residual volume (RV)is the additional air that can be forcibly exhaled after the expiration of a normal tidal volume.
Inspiratory capacity (IC)is the maximum amount of air that can be inspired
Total lung capacity (TLC) is the maximum amount of air that can fill the lungs
Know that the 3 purposes of the digesive system aresecretion, digestion and absorption
Know that the organs and inner wall of the abdominal cavity are covered by peritoneum
Function of chief cells and parietal cellA gastric chief cell (also known as a zymogenic cell or peptic cell) is a cell in the stomach that releases pepsinogen and chymosin. Pepsinogen is activated into the digestive enzyme pepsin when it comes in contact with acid produced by gastric parietal cells.
Digestive wall is made up of simple columnar epithelium
Know that the digestive organs and abdominal cavity are covered with a serous membrane calledperitoneum
Know that trypsin digests proteins intopeptides
Know that bile emulsifiefats
Know what the term emulsification means.the breakdown of large fat globules into smaller, uniformly distributed particles.

Section 2