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Immunisations

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oelomar's version from 2018-01-26 19:29

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Key: DTaP = Diphtheria, Tetanus, acellular Pertussis vaccine, IPV = Inactivated Polio Vaccine, Hib = Haemophilus influenzae B vaccine, PCV = Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Men C = Meningococcal C vaccine, MMR = Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine, DT = Diphtheria, Tetanus vaccine, HPV = Human Papilloma Vaccine.
Question Answer
How does a vaccination work?A weakened/dead form of a disease-causing microorganism (i.e. a vaccine) is introduced to the body. This stimulates the body’s immune system to eliminate the antigenic substance. The body then keeps a record of said substance, thereby resulting in easier recognition and elimination of the same substance during any later encounters with it.
Vaccines recommended at birth?BCG, hepatitis B.
Vaccines recommended at 2 months of age?DTaP, IPV, Hib, PVC, rotavirus vaccine.
Vaccines recommended at 3 months?DTaP, IPV, Hib, Men C (discontinued from NHS as of July 2016), rotavirus vaccine.
Vaccines recommended at 4 months?DTaP, IPV, Hib, PVC.
Vaccines recommended at 12-13 months?Hib, Men C, MMR, PVC.
Vaccines recommended at 2-3 years?Flu vaccine (annual).
Vaccines recommended at 3-4 years?MMR, DTaP, IPV.
Vaccines recommended at 12-13 years?HPV vaccine (for girls).
Vaccines recommended at 13-18 years?DT, IPV, Men C.
What does the BCG vaccine protect against?Tuberculosis.
What does the DTaP vaccine protect against?Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis.
What does the IPV (vaccine) protect against?Polio (inactivated polio vaccine).
What does the Hib vaccine protect against?Haemophilus influenza type B.
What does the PCV (vaccine) protect against?Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is a pneumococcal vaccine and a conjugate vaccine used to protect against disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus).
What does the Men C vaccine protect against?Meningococcal group C bacteria which cause meningitis.
What does the MMR vaccine protect against?Measles, mumps, rubella.
What does the DT vaccine protect against?Diphtheria, tetanus.
What does the HPV (vaccine) protect against?Infections caused by human papillomavirus HPV vaccine protects against type 16,18 (carcinogenic – notoriously cervical cancer) and 6,11 (wart causing).
What is an attenuated vaccine?An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live"), thereby making it harmless/less virulent.
What are the two types of herpes simplex virus and what do they cause?HSV1 and HSV2. HSV1 is the major cause of herpetic stomatitis and herpes labialis (cold sores), whereas HSV2 causes genital herpes. These divisions, however, are not rigid, for HSV1 can give rise to genital herpes, and HSV2 can cause infections in the mouth.
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