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Identify the disorder of the endocrine system

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joflo's version from 2016-06-19 06:54

Section 1

Question Answer
Burned out beta cells; triggered by a virus; polyphagia, polydipsia, and polyuria; high blood sugar.Diabetes mellitus (Type I, Juvenile Onset,Insulin-dependent)
Autoimmune disease that causes atrophy of adrenal cortex; decreased Na+ reabsorption; lowered blood pressure; cannot maintain normal glucose levels between mealsHypoadrenalism (Addison's disease)
Occurs in people over 40 and who are overweight; Receptor sites do not function properly; glucose levels fluctuate widely. Diabetes mellitus (Type II, adult onset, insulin-independent)
Mobilization of fats from lower body to thoracic region. High blood glucose levels; loss of protein from muscles; diminished immune system.Hyperadrenalism (Cushing's disease)
Usually caused by a tumor. Extreme osteoclast activity; causes brittle bones, fever, fatigue, and headaches. Hyperparathyroidism
Bone reabsorption is very depressed; Ca++ levels decline; causes tetanic spasms and respiratory arrest. Hypoparathyroidism
Autoimmune disease that destroys follicular cells. In children causes mental and physical retardation.Hypothyroidism (Cretinism)
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Section 2

Question Answer
Results from lack of Antidiuretic hormone production; polyuria.Diabetes insipidus
Gland swells to 2-3X normal size; increases secretion rate; heat intolerance, weight loss, protrusion of eyeball, nervousness and muscular weaknessHyperthyroidism (Endemic goiter, Myxedema)
Caused by very low iodine levels in adults. Sleep for 14-16hr/day, slowed heart rate, increased weight, husky voice, etcHypothyroidism
Hyposecretion of growth hormone during growth years causes short stature, but proportionate body parts. Most are not sexually mature.Dwarfism
Hypersecretion of growth hormone during growth years causes very tall stature, but proportionate body parts. Often diabetic and die as a young adult.Giantism
Hypersecretion of growth hormone as an adult causing soft cartilage of face, hands, and feet to enlarge. Often diabetic.Acromegaly
Caused by being given too of a hormone that normally lowers glucose levels; symptoms are nervousness, hallucinations, convulsions, and coma.Insulin shock
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