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Human Infectious Disease Exam 4 Part 2

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achapss's version from 2017-05-03 01:38

Section

Question Answer
Urinedefense mechanism of the urogenital system acidic with two antimicrobial compounds of lysozyme and lactoferrin
What is the difference between the male and the female urogenital anatomy?men urinate and reproduce with the same parts vans deferens and bladder meet at the ureter, and females reproduce with the uterus and fallopian tubes and urinate out of the ureter
Pelvic inflammatory diseasecause of ectopic pregnancy, common for women anything with inflammation of the reproductive tract can leave permanent scar tissue
ectopic pregnancyinflammation in the fallopian tube and implantation of egg in the tubes leading to pelvic hemorrhage and usually death
Gonorrheanessearia gonorrhea, pain and discharge in the urethra and possibly infertility 10% asymptomatic in men and 50% in women bacteria can break down blood vessels and cause meningitis etc cause PID
Gonorrhea in neonatesmaternal blood can't enter the fetus but bacteria can break down blood vessels and enter, also can happen while active in pregnancy bacteria getting onto babies face, screening and eyedrops for children can cause local blindness and inflammation, nose and mouth, and blindness
How is gonorrhea contracted?sexually and vertically
ChlamydiaC. trachromatis, 75% asymptomatic, discharge and painful urination threatening infertility can cause PID and pneumonia and infection in 50% of neonates born to infected mothers
Vaginosis and vaginitisinflammation and itching usually caused by changed in microbe populations due to invading fungus and bacteria
Herpesgenital warts, 1-2 at initial infection, then spreads all over to thighs, genitalia etc and causes flu like symptoms, encephalitis, meningitis, can be recurring and asymptomatic vertically transmitted to neonates
UTIbacteria in urethra entrance, usually misplacement of own microbiota E.coli from anus, colonize bladder and can climb urethra and into the kidneys
Syphilishistoric infection on the rise, cured with penicillin antibiotics if treated early if not 50% fatality rate, primary, secondary and tertiary infection
Primary Syphilisfirst 3-6 weeks, bacteria burrow into the skin and leave small hard painless nodules
Secondary Syphilis3 weeks to 6 months, original infection site has healed, bacteria has made its way through the body undiagnosed, fever, sore throat, headache, rash, organ failure, usually treated here
Tertiary Syphilislatent period of infection can last years to decades but usually rare if treated
Neonates and Syphiliscontracted via the placenta at birth and development can cause developmental deformities that are progressive
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section

Question Answer
abioticnon living factors as rain or temperature
bioticliving factors as taking antibiotics
Human Microbe projectstudy of nose, mouth, skin, gut, and urogenital and how changes in microbiome impact them
Where do we get our micro biome?where we've been and what we eat dictate it, core microbiome developed around three years of age
Metabolitesresult of the breakdown of nutrients by inhabitants of the micro biome, signaling molecules that alter human cell function
What do we hypothesize that our micro biome dictates in our bodies?nutrient extraction, energy usage and storage, satiety
Gut Brain Axis connections in which metabolites and gut hormones influence each other, the majority of serotonin is in the gut
prebioticnon digestible foods the stimulate the growth of bacteria
Probioticlive bacteria ingested in foods, fermented have highest load
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