Create
Learn
Share

HTN

rename
wasabi's version from 2015-09-14 00:55

section

Question Answer
thiazide diuretic reduce Na reabsorption in distal convoluted tubule of kidney. impairing Na transport into tubule, natriuresis and concomitant water loss is induced
ACE inhibitorsprevent conversion of angiotensin I to II. incr availability of bradykinin by inhibiting its breakdown
ARBselective, competitive angiotensin II receptor antagonist
CCB (dhp)relaxes smooth muscle on arterial wall. decr total peripheral resistance, thus reducing blood pressure
CCB (non dhp)potent vasodilator of coronary vessels, incr blood flow and dec heart rate via strong depression of atrioventricular node conduction
beta blockerselective block b1 receptor in heart. dose dependent, higher doses lose selectivity of b1 receptor
renin inhibitordecr plasma renin activity and inhibits conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I
alpha 1 blockerblock action of adrenaline on smooth muscle of blood vessel walls
potassium sparing diureticsblock epithelial sodium channel on lumen side of kidney collecting tubule
aldosterone antagonistinhibit effect of aldosterone by competing for intracellular aldosterone receptors in cortical collecting duct; decr reabsorption of Na and water while decr secretion of K
direct vasodilatorsdirect acting smooth muscle relaxant that acts as a vasodilator primarily in arteries and arterioles
central alpha 2 agonistreduce sympathetic outflow from central nervous system
memorize

Section

Question Answer
hydrochlorthiazide (HCTZ)thiazide diuretic
chlorthalidonethiazide diuretic
indapamidethiazide diuretic
metolazonethiazide diuretic
memorize

section

Question Answer
lisinoprilACE-I
benazeprilACE-I
enalaprilACE-I
captoprilACE-I
moexiprilACE-I
fosinoprilACE-I
ramiprilACE-I
perindoprilACE-I
quinaprilACE-I
trandolaprilACE-I
memorize

section

Question Answer
candesartanARB
eprosartanARB
irbesartanARB
losartanARB
telmisartanARB
valsartanARB
olmesartanARB
memorize

section

Question Answer
amlopidineCCB (dihydropyridine)
nifedipineCCB (dihydropyridine)
felopidineCCB (dihydropyridine)
diltiazemCCB (non-dihydropyridine)
verapamilCCB (non-dihydropyridine)
memorize

section

Question Answer
metoprololbeta blockers, cardioselective
atenololbeta blockers, cardioselective
bisprololbeta blockers, cardioselective
nebivololbeta blockers, cardioselective
propranololbeta blockers, non-cardioselective
carvedilolbeta blockers, non-cardioselective
labetalolbeta blockers, non-cardioselective
nadololbeta blockers, non-cardioselective
sotalolbeta blockers, non-cardioselective
_ + _ also have alpha blocking propertiescarvediol, labetalol
memorize

section

Question Answer
aliskirenrenin inhibitor
terazosinalpha blockers
prazosinalpha blockers
doxazosinalpha blockers
memorize

section

Question Answer
triamterenepotassium sparing diuretics
amiloridepotassium sparing diuretics
spironolactonealdosterone antagonist
eplerenonealdosterone antagonist
memorize

section

Question Answer
clonidinecentral alpha-2 agonist
methyldopacentral alpha-2 agonist
guanfacinecentral alpha-2 agonist
hydralazinedirect vasodilators
minoxidil direct vasodilators
memorize

Recent badges