djohnston's version from 2015-12-22 22:18


Question Answer Column 3
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)Anterior Pituitary GlandStimulate gonads to secrete sex hormones (Production of sperm in males, growth of ovarian follicles and estrogen secretion in females)
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)Anterior Pituitary GlandStimulate gonads to secrete sex hormones (Ovulation and the release of estrogen and progesterone in females, and the release of testosterone in males)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)Anterior Pituitary Gland (Growth of the adrenal cortex and the secretion of glucocorticoids)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)Anterior Pituitary Gland(Growth of thyroid, secretion of thyroid hormone)
Prolactin (PRL)Anterior Pituitary Gland(Milk synthesis in females, testosterone secretion in males)
Growth Hormone (GH)Anterior Pituitary GlandSlow Acting - Stimulates general growth and skeletal growth, and promotes metabolic functions (Widespread tissue growth; especially in liver, bone, cartilage, muscle and fat)
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) (e.g. Vasopressin)Posterior Pituitary Gland(Water retention in kidneys)
Oxytocin (OT)Posterior Pituitary GlandStimulates the contraction of the smooth muscle of the uterus and intestines (Labor contractions, milk release; possibly involved in ejaculation, sperm transport, sexual affection, and mother-infant bonding)
Thyroxine and triiodothyronineThyroidIncreases oxygen consumption and heat productions, and affects many metabolic functions (Stimulate development of lymphatic organs and regulate development and activity of T-cells)
CalcitoninThyroidDecreases blood calcium and phosphate levels (Stimulate bone deposition when blood calcium levels are high)
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)Parathyroid GlandRaises plasma calcium levels and lowers plasma phosphate levels (Stimulates bone resorption and inhibits deposition when blood calcium levels are low)
EpinephrineAdrenalsFast Acting - Affects carbohydrate metabolism, generally promoting hyperglycemia. Constricts vessels in the skin, mucous membranes, and kidneys, but dilates vessels in skeletal muscle
NorepinephrineAdrenal medullaFast Acting - Increases heart rate and force of contraction of the myocardium, and constricts look vessels in most areas of the body
Mineralocorticoids (e.g. Aldosterone)Adrenal cortexPromote reabsorption of sodium and excretion of potassium in the kidneys (Zona glomerulosa; regulate electrolyte balance)
Glucocorticoids (e.g. Cortisol)Adrenal cortexSlow Acting - Promote protein and triglyceride breakdown (Zona fasciculata; regulate the metabolism of glucose and other organic fuels )
GlucagonPancreasFast Acting - Causes the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose and release it into the blood stream (Alpha cells; raise blood glucose and fatty acid levels via amino acid absorption, gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fat breakdown; primarily in liver)
InsulinPancreasFast Acting - Causes liver and muscle cells to take up glucose and store it in the form of glycogen; encourages fat cells to take on blood lipids and turn them into triglycerides; also has several other anabolic effects throughout the body (Beta cells; lower blood glucose level via glucose and amino acid uptake through glycogen, fat and protein synthesis)


Question Answer
EstrogenOvary: Stimulate female reproductive development and adolescent growth, regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy, prepares mammary glands for lactation
ProgesteroneOvary: Regulates mentrual cycle and pregnancy, prepares mammary glands for lactation
TestosteroneTestes: stimulate fetal and adolescent reproductive development, musculoskeletal growth, sperm production and libido in males

Hormonal Responses the Endurance Training

Question Answer
Epinephrine & NorepinephrineDecreased secretion at rest and at the same absolute exercise intensity after training
Glucocorticoids (e.g. Cortisol)Slight elevation during exercise
InsulinIncreased sensitivity to insulin; normal decrease in insulin during exercise greatly reduced with training
GlucagonSmaller increase in glucose levels during exercise at absolute and relative workloads
Growth Hormone (GH)No effect on resting values; less dramatic rise during exercise