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Hormones VU

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itlitunifam's version from 2017-05-27 11:14

Section 1

Question Answer
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)Stimulates follicle maturation in females; spermatogenesis in males
Luteinizing hormone (LH)Stimulates ovulation in females; testosterone synthesis in males
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)Stimulates the adrenal cortex to synthesize and secrete glucocorticoids
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)Stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones
ProlactinStimulates milk production and secretion
Growth hormone (GH)Stimulates bone and muscle growth; raises blood glucose levels
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)Stimulates water reabsorption in kidneys by increasing permeability of collecting duct
Oxytocin Stimulates uterine contractions during labor and milk secretion during lactation; may promote bonding behavior
Triiodothyronine (T3) & Thyroxine (T4)Stimulate metabolic activity
CalcitoninDecreases blood calcium concentrations
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)Increases blood calcium concentrations
Glucocorticoids (Cortisol and Cortisone)Increases blood glucose concentrations; decrease protein synthesis; anti-inflammatory
Mineralocorticoids (Aldosterone)Increase water reabsorption in the kidneys by increasing sodium reabsorption; promote potassium and hydrogen ion excretion
Epinephrine and norepinephrineIncrease blood glucose concentrations and heart rate; dilate bronchi; alter blood flow patterns
GlucagonStimulates glycogen breakdown (glycogenolysis); increases blood glucose concentrations
InsulinLowers blood glucose concentrations and increases anabolic processes
TestosteroneDevelops and maintains male reproductive system and male secondary sex characteristics
EstrogenDevelops and maintains female reproductive system and female secondary sex characteristics
ProgesteronePromotes maintenance of the endometrium
MelatoninInvolved in circadian rhythms
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Section 2

Question Answer
Hypothalamus does what?Controls ANS; regulates body temp, thirst, hunger. Controls ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND by telling it to inhib or release horomones
ANTERIOR PITUITARY WHAT HORMONES?GH,ACTH(cortisol &aldosterone) ,FSH & LH, MSH and PROLACTIN
POSTERIOR PITUITARY WHAT HORMONES?ADH, OXYTOCIN
ADRENAL GLAND/S how many parts are there and what are they called. 2 parts. 1. Adrenal cortex 2. Adrenal Medulla
Zona Glomerulosa WHAT HORMONE?Aldosterone
Zona Fasciculate WHAT HORMONE?Cortisol
Zona Reticularis WHAT HOROME? And what regulates itSex hormones. Regulated by ACTH
What does the adrenal medulla secrete?Adrenaline & noradrenaline
Thyroid gland regulates what?Metabolic rate, Body temp, Tissue growth, NS reactivity & Blood pressure
2 type of thyroid cells Follicular cells. PARAfollicular cells
Follicular cells secrete what hormones?Triiodothyronine& Thyroxine
Parafollicular cells secrete what horomeCalcitonin
PARAthyroid glands are what?4 small glands that increase calcium lvls & decrease blood phosphate levels
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