Hitler and Nazi Germany (1919-1939)

dalryschool's version from 2015-11-27 13:35

National 4 and National 5 History


On this page you will learn a glossary of History Terms relating to Hitler and Nazi Germany (1919-1939). Good Luck !

Glossary of History Terms (A-B)


Question Answer
Abdicatedwhen the Kaiser gave up his power
Acquiescenceaccepting something
Anti-Semitismagainst the Jews
Article 48a law allowing the president to rule Germany in an emergency
Ayranthe German ideal of a north European master race of blond-haired and blue-eyed people
Autarkythe Nazi aim of self-sufficiency
Autobahna German motorway
Boycottavoiding using something with the purpose of hurting the owner
Brownshirtsthe Nazi Party’s private army

Glossary of History Terms (C)


Question Answer
Censoredinformation that is cut, restricted or withheld
Censorshipcontrolling news and information so that Germans knew only what the Nazis wanted them to know
Chancellorthe leader of the German government
Coalitionspolitical parties working together to form a government
Compulsorysomething which must be done
Concentration Campsprisons set up for anyone who opposed the Nazis
Concordatan agreement made in 1933 between the Nazis and the Catholic Church
Constitutiona set of rules for running a country

Glossary of History Terms (D-F)


Question Answer
Dachauthe first concentration camp
Daggera small knife designed for fighting
Dictatorshipa political system with one person or political party in total control with no opposition allowed
Diktatlinked to the English word ‘dictated’, it means Germans felt the treaty was forced on them with no chance to discuss it
Ebert, Friedrichleader of the Social Democratic Party and head of the Provisional Government
Enabling Actgave Hitler the power to act as a dictator for 4 years
‘Feel Good Factor’when the population of a country feel cheerful and politicians can take advantage of that to gain support
Freikorpsbattle-hardened ex-soldiers who hated Communists or Spartacists
Full Employmenteveryone who wants a job one
Fundamental Lawsthe basic laws of the Weimar Republic that guaranteed Germans their civil rights

Glossary of History Terms (G-H)


Question Answer
Genocidethe attempt to wipe out an entire race of people
German Christian Churcha new, Nazi-approved Christian Church led by Ludwig Muller, the ‘Reich Bishop’
German Confessional Churcha new Christian Church against the Nazis led by Martin Niemoller
Germany’s Economic Miraclethe sudden improvement in the 1930s of Germany’s economy
Gestapothe secret state police force of the Nazis
Goebbels, Josephperson in charge of Nazi Germany propaganda
Golden Agetime when things went well
Great Depressiona time of worldwide high unemployment following an economic collapse in the USA starting in 1929
Hitler JugendHitler Youth, a paramilitary group for German boys
Hyperinflationsudden collapse in the value of German money

Glossary of History Terms (I-L)


Question Answer
Indoctrinationmaking people believe and think what you want them to
JudenGerman word for Jews
KaiserWilhelm II, the emperor of Germany
Kristallnactan organised attack on Jews across Germany on the night of 9-10 November 1938
Krupp’sa German company making very strong steel
Landsbergprison where Hitler served his sentence after the putsch
Left Wingpeople who wanted revolution and power to the working classes
Locarno Treatya 1925 treaty in which Germany tried to make better relations with its neighbours
Loyaltysupporting something completely

Glossary of History Terms (M-O)


Question Answer
Mein Kampfautobiography written by Hitler while he was in prison
Monarcya political system with a royal family at its head
Mutinywhen soldiers and sailors refused to follow orders
Mythsomething that is believed to be true by lots of people but is really untrue
National Assemblythe name of the Parliament in the Weimar Republic
National Socialist German Workers’ Partythe full name of the Nazi Party
Nationalistspeople who wanted Germany to be stronger and have revenge for the Treaty of Versailles
Night of the Long Kniveson 30 July 1934 Hitler arranged for the murder of anyone he thought was a threat to him
Oatha very serious promise

Glossary of History Terms (P)


Question Answer
Pagansomeone who does not believe in the God of the Bible, Torah or Koran
Passive Resistanceresisting by refusing to work for the French
Persecutionpicking on people or extreme bullying
Plebiscitea referendum or vote by the people about one question
Propagandainfluencing people with a simple, one-sided argument
Proportional Representationa voting system that assigns seats in proportion to the votes cast
Provisional Governmenta temporary government created until full elections could take place
Public Worksjobs created that are paid for by the government
PutschGerman word for an armed takeover of power

Glossary of History Terms (R)


Question Answer
Reichsbankthe main German bank
Rentenmarksnew German currency to replace the worthless old money
Reparationscompensation that Germany had to pay for causing the war
Republica political system with no royal family
Resistancebeing against something
Revolutiona big change in a political system when the old system is completely overthrown, usually by violence
Right Wingpeople who did not want change and in fact wanted power to go back to the Kaiser and the upper classes
Ruhra heavily industrialised region of western Germany
Rust, Bernhardhead of German education

Glossary of History Terms (S)


Question Answer
SASturmabteilung, the Nazi private army, also known as Brownshirts
Scapegoatsomeone to blame things on
Self-Sufficientlooking after yourself and not needing help from other countries
Sovieta local council made up of soldiers, sailors and workers to rule their own areas
Spartacistsrevolutionaries who wanted to make Germany into a Communist state
SSHitler’s personal bodyguard that grew to the size of an army
Stabbed in the backbetrayed; some Germans felt they had lost the war
Swastikathe Nazi badge or logo
SynagoguesJewish places of worship

Glossary of History Terms (T-Z)


Question Answer
Totalitarian Statea state that controls everything and does not allow opposition
Versaillesa palace near Paris where the peace treaty ending the First World War was signed.
Vice-Chancellorthe second in command to the chancellor
Von Ludendorff, Ericha military hero of the First World War who reminded people of the ‘good old days’ of the Kaiser
Wall Street Crashthe Great Depression started with the collapse of the US stock marked based in Wall Street, New York
War Guiltpart of the Treaty of Versailles that claimed that Germany had caused the war so was to blame for all the deaths and destruction during the war
Weimara town in central Germany
Weimar Constitutionthe rules set up to run the new Weimar Republic

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