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andsy's version from 2019-07-03 11:15

Schools of Vedic Philosophy

Philosophy Founded by
Question Answer
Sankhya or the Cosmic principle school Kapila
Yoga Patanjali
Nyaya or the Logical school Gautama
Vaisheshak or the Atomic school Kanad
Purva Mimansa or the Ritualistic school Jamini
Uttara Mimansa or the Theological school Vyasa
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Four venues of Kumbh Mela
Question Answer
Place On the banks of State
Nasik Godavari Maharashtra
Ujjain Shipra Madhya Pradesh
Prayag Confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati Uttar Pradesh
Haridwar Ganga Uttarakhand
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Four Dhams of Hinduism

Dham (Pilgrimage Place) Devoted to State
Question Answer
Puri Lord Jagannath Orissa
Badrinath Sri Badrinarayana Uttarakhand
Dwaraka Sri Krishna Gujarat
Rameswaram Lord Shiva Tamilnadu
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The 12 Jyotirlingas
Name of the Jyotirlinga Place State
Question Answer
1. Somnath Saurashtra Gujarat
2. Mallikarjun Srisailam Andhra Pradesh
3. Mahakaleshwar Ujjain Madhya Pradesh
4. Omkareshwar Mammaleshwaram Madhya Pradesh
5. Parli Vaijnath Deogarh Jharkhand
6. Bhima Shankar Dakini Maharashtra
7. Rameshwaram Setubandha Tamilnadu
8. Nageshwar Darukavana Maharashtra
9. Vishweshwar Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
10. Trimbakeshwar Nasik Maharashtra
11. Kedareshwar Kedarnath Uttarkhand
12. Ghurmeshwar Visalakam Maharashtra
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Question Answer
Dargah of Sheikh Salim Chisti Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Dargah of Haji Ali Worli, Mumbai
Dargah of Moinuddin Chisti Ajmer in Rajasthan
Dargah of Khwaja Nizamuddin Awliya Delhi
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Buddha and Mahavira - A comparison

Buddha Mahavira
Question Answer
Place of birth Lumbini Vaisali
Year of birth 567 BC 599 BC
Original name Siddhartha Vardhamana
Teachings contained in Tripitakas 14 Purvas
Father's name Suddhodhana Siddhartha
Wife's name Yasodhara Yasoda
Place of death Kushinagar, Gorakhpur, Rajgir, Bihar
The largest river in the world (in terms of the volume of water) is the Amazon.
The deepest river in the world is the Congo. It is also known as the Zaire river.
The river which does not have any bridges across it throughout its entire length is the Amazon.
The river which crosses the Equator twice is Zaire.
The river which crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice is Limpopo.
The river known as China’s sorrow is River Hwang Ho or the Yellow River.
The river which begins south of Equator and then crosses Tropic of Cancer before emptying into the sea - Nile
AmazonAtlantic Ocean
NileMediterranean Sea
MississippiGulf of Mexico
YangtseEast China Sea
Yellow riverBohai Sea
ObGulf of Ob (Arctic Ocean)
CongoAtlantic Ocean
NigerGulf of Guinea
MurraySouthern Ocean
VolgaCaspean Sea
Danube Black Sea
Irrawaddy Andaman Sea
Thames North Sea
IndusArabian Sea
RhineNorth Sea
AmurStrait of Tartary
MekongSouth China Sea
Shatt al-Arab (formed by Tigris and Euphrates)Persian Gulf
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Question Answer
Ganga Gangotri (Uttarakhand)
Yamuna Yamunotri (Uttarakhand)
Indus Mansarovar (Tibet)
Narmada Maikal Hills, Amarkantak (MP)
Tapi/Tapti Satpura Range, Betul (MP)
Mahanadi Nagri Town (Chhattisgarh)
Brahmaputra Chemayungdung (Tibet)
Sutlej Mt Kailash (Tibet)
Beas Rohtang Pass (Himachal Pradesh)
Godavari Nasik (Maharashtra)
Krishna Mahabaleshwar (Maharashtra)
Cauvery Brahmagiri Hills, Coorg (Karnataka)
Sabarmati Udaipur, Aravalli Hills (Rajasthan)
Ravi Chamba (Himachal Pradesh)
Pennar Nandi Hills, Chickballapur (Karnataka)
Luni Pushkar, Aravalli Hills (Rajasthan)
Chambal Janapav, Indore, Vindhyas (MP)
Teesta Cholamu Lake (Sikkim)
Rangeet Rathong Glacier (Sikkim)
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Question Answer
Krishna Water dispute Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra
Mahadayi/Mandovi Water dispute Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra
Vansadhara Water dispute Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
Cauvery Water dispute Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry
Babhali Barrage issue Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
Mulla Periyar Dam issue Tamilnadu and Kerala
Mahanadi Water dispute Chhattisgarh and Odisha
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Museums in India

Question Answer
National Museum New Delhi
National Philatelic Museum New Delhi
National Police Museum New Delhi
Rail Transport Museum New Delhi
Air Force Museum New Delhi
National Handicrafts & Handlooms Museum New Delhi
Dr. Ambedkar National Memorial and Museum New Delhi
Madame Tussauds Wax Museum New Delhi
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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya
Question Answer
(formerly Prince of Wales MuseumMumbai
Bombay Natural History Museum Mumbai
Birla Industrial and Technological Museum Kolkata
Visveswaraya Ind & Tech. MuseumBangalore
Salarjung Museum Hyderabad
Indian Museum (Largest in India)Kolkata
Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav SangrahalayaBhopal
Calico Museum of TextilesAhmedabad
Napier Museum Thiruvananthapuram
Victoria Jubilee Museum Vijayawada
Naval Museum (also known as Swarna Jyoti Museum) Visakhapatnam
Naval Aviation Museum Vasco da Gama, Goa
Dandi Kutir MuseumGandhinagar
Submarine Museum (Ex-INS Kurusura) Visakhapatnam
Partition MuseumAmritsar
National Museum of Indian CinemaMumbai
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Gardens and their locations

Question Answer
Pinjore GardensChandigarh
Lal Bagh Bengaluru
Shalimar BaghSrinagar
Buddha Jayanti Park New Delhi
Brindavan Gardens Mysore
Mughal GardensNew Delhi
Rock GardenChandigarh
Nishat BaghSrinagar
Hanging GardensMumbai
Khusro BagHAllahabad
Sikandar BaghLucknow
Coronation ParkNew Delhi
Alfred Park (Chandershekhar Azad Park)Allahabad
Freedom Park Bengaluru
Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip GardenSrinagar
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World Heritage Sites in India
Monument(s) Location
Question Answer
1. Agra FortAgra, Uttar Pradesh.
2. Ajanta CavesAurangabad, Maharashtra.
3. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Raisen, Madhya Pradesh.
4. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Panchmahal, Gujarat.
5. Chhatrapati Shivaji TerminusMumbai, Maharashtra.
6. Churches and Convents of Goa Goa.
7. Elephanta Caves Mumbai, Maharashtra.
8. Ellora CavesAurangabad, Maharashtra.
9. Fatehpur SikriAgra, Uttar Pradesh.
10. Great Living Chola TemplesMany temples in Tamilnadu.
11. Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka.
12. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamilnadu.
13. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka.
14. Humayun's Tomb New Delhi
15. Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh
16. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar
17. Mountain Railways of IndiaDarjeeling, Shimla, Ooty.
18. Qutb Minar and its Monuments New Delhi
19. Red Fort Complex New Delhi
20. Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaRaisen, MP
21. Sun Temple, KonarakKonarak, Orissa.
22. Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh.
23. The Jantar MantarJaipur, Rajasthan.
24. Hill Forts of Rajasthan Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Sawai Madhopur, Jhalawar, Jaipur and Jaisalmer
25. Rani-ki-VavPatan, Gujarat
26. Nalanda Mahavihara Nalanda, Bihar
27. Architectural work of Le CorbusierChandigarh
28. Historic city of AhmedabadGujarat
29. Victorian Gothic Art and Art Deco EnsemblesMumbai, Maharashtra
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Question Answer
Harappa Montgomery (Sahiwal) district of Punjab in Pakistan.
Mohenjodaro Larkana district of Sind in Pakistan.
Lothal Ahmedabad in Gujarat.
Kalibangan Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan.
Dholavira Kachchh district in Gujarat.
Bhiranna Fatehabad district in Haryana.
Banawali Fatehabad district in Haryana.
AdichchanallurThoothukudi district in Tamilnadu.
JorweAhmednagar district in Maharashtra.
DaimabadAhmednagar district in Maharashtra.
Shortugai Northern Afghanistan.
Chanhudaro Mullan Sandh, Sindh in Pakistan.
Amri Dadu, Sindh in Pakistan.
Mehrgarh Balochistan in Pakistan
Ganeriwala Punjab, Pakistan.
RakhigarhiHisar district in Haryana.
AttirampakkamTiruvallur district in Tamil Nadu.
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Temples of India

Temples Location
Question Answer
Cheena Kesava Temple Belur, Karnataka
Black Pagoda or Sun Temple Konark (Orissa)
Brihadiswara Temple (WHS) Thanjuvur, Tamil Nadu
Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple (WHS) Gangaikondacholisvaram, TN
Airavatesvara Temple (WHS)Darasuram, Tamil Nadu
Hazara Rama Temple (WHS)Hampi, Karnataka
Virupaksha Temple (WHS)Pattadakal, Karnataka
Golden TempleAmritsar, Punjab
Jagannath TemplePuri, Orissa
Kailasa TempleEllora, Maharashtra
Mahakaleshwar TempleUjjain (M.P.)
Minakshi TempleMadurai, Tamil Nadu
Mundeshwari TempleKaimur, Bihar
Shore TempleMahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
Somnath TempleJunagarh, Gujarat
Tirupati TempleChittor, Andhra Pradesh
SabarimalaPathanamthitta, Kerala
Dilwara TempleMt.Abu
Kamakhya TempleGuwahati, Assam
Zeishta Devi TempleSrinagar, J & K
Dakshineswar Kali TempleKolkata, W.B.
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Forts Location Built by

Question Answer
Red Fort Delhi Shah Jahan
Meharangarh Fort Jodhpur, Rajasthan Rao Jodha
Ranthambore Fort Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan Chauhan dynasty
Kumbhalgarh Fort Rajsamand, Rajasthan Rana Kumbha
Amer Fort Jaipur, Rajasthan Raja Man Singh - I
Golconda Fort Hyderabad –
Gingee Fort Villupuram, Tamilnadu –
Fort William Kolkata, West Bengal East India Company
Fort St. George Chennai, Tamilnadu East India Company
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Palaces/Buildings Location Built by
Question Answer
Amber Palace Jaipur (Rajasthan) Raja Man Singh - I
Hawa Mahal JaipurMaharaja Sawai Pratap Singh
Sheesh Mahal Patiala, PunjabMaharaja Narinder Singh
Maharaja Palace or Mysore PalaceMysore Krishnarajendra Wadiyar IV
Falaknuma Palace Hyderabad Nawab Vicar-ul-Umra
Island Palace (Jag Mandir)Udaipur Sisodia rulers of Mewar
Lakshmi Vilas PalaceVadodara Sayajirao Gaekwad III
Lalgarh PalaceBikaner Maharaja Ganga Singh
Jahaz MahaLMandu, M.P.(City of Joy) Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Khilji
Anand BhawanAllahabad Motilal Nehru
Rashtrapati BhawanNew Delhi Edward Lutyens (Architect)
Victoria MemorialKolkata William Emerson (Architect)
Chowmohalla PalaceHyderabad Asaf Jahi dynasty
Neermahal PalaceWest Tripura King Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman
Allen Forest ZooKanpur
Alipore Zoological GardensKolkata
Arighar Anna Zoological Park Chennai
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park Visakhapatnam
Kamla Nehru Zoological Garden Ahmedabad
Chhatbir Zoo Zirakpur, Punjab
Nandankanan Zoological Park Bhubaneswar
National Zoological Park Delhi
Nehru Zoological Park Hyderabad
Sri Chamrajendra Zoological Garden Mysore
Sakkarbaug Zoo Junagadh
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park Darjeeling
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Rocks and Caves
Caves and Rocks Location
Question Answer
Ajanta Caves (WHS) Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Amarnath Cave Anantnag, Kashmir
Edakkal Caves Waynad, Kerala
Elephanta Caves (WHS) Mumbai, Maharashtra
Ellora Caves (WHS) Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Bhimbhetka Rock Shelters (WHS) Raisen, M.P.
Badami Caves Bagalkot, Karnataka
Borra Caves Visakhapatnam, A.P.
Belum Caves Kurnool, A.P.
Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves Bhubaneshwar, Odisha
Udaygiri Caves Vidisha, M.P.
Sonbhandar Caves Rajgir, Bihar
Kutumsar Caves Bastar, Chhattisgarh
Pandu Leni Caves Nasik, Maharashtra
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Gates

Gate Location
Gateway of India Mumbai
Question Answer
India Gate New Delhi
Buland Darwaza Fatehpur Sikri
Rumi Darwaza Lucknow
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Towers/Minars
Towers/Minars Location
Question Answer
Charminar Hyderabad
Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame) ,Jai Stambha (Tower of Victory) Chittorgarh
Qutab Minar Delhi
Shaking Minarets Sidi Bashir Mosque, Ahmedabad
Jinnah Tower Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri Akbar Completed in 1601, it was built by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat in 1572-73.
Bada Imambara, Lucknow Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula of Awadh To generate employment during the time of famine in 1784.
Vijay Stambha, Chittorgarh Rana Kumbha It was constructed by Mewar king Rana Kumbha in 1448
Charminar, Hyderabad Mohd Quli Qutb Shah Constructed as the first building of the city of Hyderabad in 1591.
India Gate, New Delhi The British in India (designed by Edward Lutyens) As a war memorial in memory of British and Indian soldiers who died in the First World War.
Gateway of India, Mumbai The British in India (designed by George Wittet) The structure was erected to commemorate the landing of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder,
Victoria Memorial, Kolkata The British in India (designed by William Emerson) In memory of Queen Victoria
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Statues

Statues Location
Question Answer
Statue of Gomateswara (Bahubali) Shravanabelagola, Karnataka
Statue of Ugra Narasimha Hampi, Karnataka
Statue of Trimurti Elephanta Caves, Mumbai
Statue of Thiruvalluvar Kanya Kumari, Tamilnadu
Statue of Kannagi Marina Beach, Chennai
Gyarah Murti* New Delhi
Tallest Statue of Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi Maidan, Patna
Statue of Rishabhdev Mangi Tungi, Nasik
Statue of Adiyogi Lord Shiva Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Statue of Hanuman (Veer Abhaya Anjaneya Swami) Paritala, Andhra Pradesh
Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Statue of Unity) Sadhu Bet island, Gujarat
Sanchi Stupa Sanchi, Raisen, MP
Damekh Stupa Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh
Kesaria Stupa Kesaria (near Patna), Bihar
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Beaches
Question Answer
Beach Location
Calungate Goa
Baga Goa
Marina Chennai
Covelong Chennai
Juhu ,Gorai Mumbai
Kovalam Thiruvananthapuram
Gahirmatha Kendrapara, Odisha
Rushikonda Visakhapatnam, A.P.
Chorwad Junagadh, Gujarat
Radhanagar Havelock Island, Andamans
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Old and New Names of Cities in India

# New Name Old Name
Question Answer
1. Chennai Madras
2. Kolkata Calcutta
3. Mumbai Bombay
4. Vadodara Baroda
5. Kozhikode Calicut
6. Kochi Cochin
7. Varanasi Benares
8. Thoothukudi Tuticorin
9. Kanya Kumari Cape Comorin
10. Kalaburagi Gulbarga
11. Belagavi Belgaum
12. Jamshedpur Sakchi
13. Gurugram Gurgaon
14. Palakkad Palghat
15. Dr. Ambedkar Nagar Mhow
16. Kollam Quilon
17. Aluva Alwaye
18. Prayagraj Allahabad
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# Modern Name Ancient Name
Question Answer
19. Peshawar Purushapura
20. Patna Patliputra
21. Hyderabad Bhagyanagar
22. Guwahati Pragjyotishpura
23. Bidar Muhammadabad
24. Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) Ahsanabad
25. Warangal Orugallu
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Nicknames of Indian Cities
City Nickname
Question Answer
Jaisalmer Golden City
Jaipur Pink City
Jodhpur Sun City
BengaluruGarden City
Lucknow City of Nawabs
Kutch Flamingo City
Udaipur Lake City
Kolkata City of Palaces
Bidar City of Whispering Monuments
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Small and Medium Scale Industries
# City/Town State Well Known for
Question Answer
1. Adoni Andhra Pradesh Cotton Textile
2. Agra Uttar Pradesh Leather goods
3. Aligarh Uttar Pradesh Locks
4. Anand Gujarat Dairy products
5. Coimbatore Tamil Nadu Wet Grinders and sarees
6. Firozabad Uttar Pradesh Glass
7. Kanpur Uttar Pradesh Leather
8. Kanchipuram Tamil Nadu Silk sarees
9. Ludhiana Punjab Bicycle parts, sewing machines, hosiery.
10. Jalandhar Punjab Sports goods
11. Moradabad Uttar Pradesh Brass works
12. Mysore Karnataka Silk
13. Surat Gujarat Diamonds, textiles
14. Sivakasi Tamilnadu Fireworks, matches
15. Nepanagar Madhya Pradesh Newsprint
16. Gadwal Andhra Pradesh Sarees
17. Tiruppur Tamil Nadu Textiles and Garments
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