History Unit 6 Part III

bipobaca's version from 2018-03-29 00:53

Geneva Conference Questions  

‐ Values expressed by each delegation
Question Answer
Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV)freedom, vietnamese unity, world peace, and their own rights
Francethe political and economic survival of france, political discontent at the 2 million francs spent on the war, the domino theory and the spread of communism
Chinaits own security and the right to participate in the UN and be recognized as an actual country
USfear of another country falling under communist control, the spread of communist repression
GBdesire to turn back communism to protect its own colonies, and to stop a war before it ignites greater conflict in SE Asia
‐ Perspectives of each delegation on the historical events that led up to the conference
Question Answer
DRVformed to fight only France because french colonialism oppressed its citizens; allied nations did not recognize its independence and it was denied US/GB aid; turned to China communism for support as a result
FranceUS helped it too late, and is only getting involved now to steal the french benefits
Chinaprovided aid and recognition to the DRV to promote peace and democracy; American warmongers are insisting on irresponsible fighting even though the colonialist forced have realized that their reign is over
USsympathizes deeply with vietnam due to its long history of colonialism, can identify with aspirations and is trying to stop both communist and colonialist oppressions
GBevolved from colonialism to support nationalism, think the french should stop colonialism, says the US is continuing war and expansionism and ignoring china
‐ Objectives of each delegation
Question Answer
DRVwants recognition and independence of SE Asia and Vietnam, and the expulsion of colonial forces
Franceend the costs of war and limit communist gains, retain as much influence in Vietnam as possible
Chinakeep peace in SE Asia, ensure vietnamese democracy by ending colonialism and US intervention, have more power to resolve problems
USVietnamese withdrawal from SE Asian countries and independence of them; all vietnam free, unified, and anti-communist
GBcompromise for world peace; resolution of government conflicts; peace, using SEATO to stop communism
‐ Specific proposals of each delegation
Question Answer
DRVeveryone else should stay uninvolved except for China, who should work with Vietnam for unity
Franceimmediate ceasefire and a forced regrouping of Vietnam, an exchange of war prisoners, a military division at the 18th parallel, and elections held in 18 months
Chinaa ceasefire in Vietnam and return of all war prisoners, an immediate french withdrawal, vietnamese withdrawal from other SE Asian countries, allowing China into the UN
USallow communism no territorial gains; create a mutual defense security treaty in SE Asia (SEATO) against communism
GBtry to persuade everyone to accept SEATO and discuss the halt of communist expansions with NATO; make DRV evacuate smaller SE Asian countries, commit military resources

America’s Deepening Involvement, 1954‐1964

Question Answer
List four outcomes of the Geneva conferencethe end of military hostilities between france and vietnam; the creation of ho chi minh's northern vietnamese communist DRV and Diem's nationalistic republic in the south; a call for national elections in two years to reunite Vietnam, which displeases the US; and an increase in the number of US military and economic advisors in the south
Why did the US decide to give its support to Diem in South Vietnam?he was the only alternative to both communist control and colonialism; he was Roman Catholic, like many Americans; wanted to use him to make a strong, independent state to block communist expansion booty
Why did the US and Diem ignore the Geneva Accords, which called for national elections in 1956?the US knew that Ho Chi Minh was more popular than Diem, and that holding elections would have most likely led to Ho's victory and the spread of communism to all of vietnam; unfairly cancels elections, which would have reflected the will of the people, but also would have led to communism
Explain "If Vietnam goes, it will be exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to hold SE Asia."idea of the domino effect, that if Vietnam falls to communism there will be no other power in its way, allowing communism to spread through SE Asia and destroy the capitalist markets there important to the US, like Japan
Explain why the US became disillusioned with the Diem government in the early 1960s.Diem's brother Nhu was violent, which ruined the US's image, and Diem's rule was dictatorial, scaring away peasants and causing unrests (coups, riots, suicide protests, Vietcong rebel force, National Liberation Front) -> the US realizes that Diem isn't effective in combatting communism and he's driving everyone to it, causing it to drop support
How does the Kennedy administration's actions in 1963 relate to "don't change horses in mid-stream?"US supported Diem's regime before 1963 with military and economic aid, advisors, troops; by dropping support for Diem in 1963, the US preserved its own interests and foothold in Vietnam but also wasted all of the resources that it had put into the strengthening of the government, and made it appear flighty as well which lowered its small amount of support