History Test - November 24, 2015

xisawidu's version from 2015-11-24 16:10


Question Answer
This passage demonstrates that Thomas Jefferson was directly influenced by ideas of John Locke.
A geographic and economic motivation for the Louisiana Purchase was the desire to control the port of New Orleans.
The Lewis and Clark expedition (1803-1806) was important becauseit increased understanding of the area included in the Louisiana Purchase.
Acquiring New Orleans as part of the Louisiana Purchase was considered important to the development of the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys because the cityserved as a port for American agriculture goods.
The case of Marbury v. Madison involved the question of who had the right to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton supported the creation of the Bank of the United States because it wouldhelp ensure the economic stability of the new nation.
Regarding the French Revolution, most Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans believedthat the violence was regrettable but necessary.
Washington's foreign policy rested on the belief that it was in America's interestto stay neutral in all European wars.
Jefferson's Kentucky resolutions argued thatthe states had the right to nullify unconstitutional federal laws.
The Federalists essentially believed that there should be a strong central government controlled by the wealthy and well educated.
The influential Founder and member of Congress who personally wrote the Bill of Rights wasJames Madison.
George Washington's successor, John Adams, was politically crippled by the attacks and plots by enemies within his own Federalist party, including Hamilton.
The US became involved in an undeclared war with France in 1797 because ofAmerican anger at attempted French bribery of American diplomats in the XYZ Affair.
The Whiskey Rebellion proved to be more significant in the long run because it showedthat the new federal government would use force if necessary to uphold its authority.
What led to the formation of the first two American political parties?Clashes between Hamilton and Jefferson over fiscal policy and foreign affairs.
President Washington's foreign policy rested on the firm conviction that the United States was too militarily weak and politically disunited to become involved in European wars.
What led Washington to support Jay's Treaty?The danger of war with Britain.
The need to gain support of wealthy groups for the federal governmentled Hamilton to promote the fiscal policies of funding and assumption.
Passage of the BIll of Rights guaranteed basic liberties and indicated some swing away from Federalist centralizing.
The need for federal revenues to finance Hamilton's ambitious policiesled to imposition of the first tariff in 1789 and the excise tax on whiskey in 1791.
United States became involved in an undeclared war with France in 1797 because of French interference with American shipping and freedom of the seas.
The ninth and 10th amendments partly reverse the federalist momentum of the constitution by declaring that all rights not mentioned in the federal Constitution were retained by the states or by the people themselves.
One of the greatest problems that John Adams and the Federalists faced in the election of 1800 wasAdams's refusal to take the country to war against France.
In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was chosen presidentby the House of Representatives.
Thomas Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" was remarkable in that it marked the peaceful and orderly transfer of power on the basis of election results accepted by all parties.
Thomas Jefferson was elected president by the House of Representatives when a few Federalists refrained from voting.
As Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton's first objective was to bolster the national credit.
With Thomas Jefferson's election as president, the Democratic-Republican party grew less unified as the Federalist party began to fade and lose power.
On becoming president, Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans in Congress immediately repealedthe excise tax on whiskey.
The chief justice who carried out, more than any other federal official, the ideas of Alexander Hamilton concerning a powerful federal government was John Marshall.
When it came to the major Federalist economic programs, Thomas Jefferson as president left practically all of them intact.
The event of the 1790s that has left the deepest scar on American political and social life is the French Revolution.
In Jay's Treaty, the Britishpromised to evacuate the chain of forts in the Old Northwest.
The United States acquired free navigation of the Mississippi River in the Pinckney Treaty.
Jay's Treaty contained all of the following provisions except a promise by the British to stop selling arms to the Indians.
Foreign relations between the United States and France deteriorated in the late 1790s over French seizure of American merchant ships.
The main purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts was tosilence and punish critics of the Federalists.
As a result of the Sedition Acts,newspaper editors critical of the Adams administration were indicted, tried, convicted and sent to jail.
The Sedition Act threatened First Amendment freedoms.
How did Britain make neutrality very difficult for the United States during the French and British conflicts of the 1790s? By seizing American merchant ships in the West Indies.
What did the United States acquire in the Pinckney Treaty? Free navigation of the Mississippi River, the rights of deposit at New Orleans, and the large disputed territory north of Florida.
What did Washington's decision to retire from the presidency in 1797 establish for future presidents?It established a two-term tradition for American presidents.


Question Answer
George WashingtonStressed neutrality and did not want to get in the way of foreign affairs.
Jay's TreatySigned, due to the danger of war with Britain. Britain did not agree to stop selling arms to the Indians.
Old NorthwestArea where British promised to evacuate the forts.
Embargo Act1807.
Hurt America despite industrial growth, because it prevented us from buying goods outside of the country.
Non-Intercourse Act1809.
Allowed trade with all nations minus Britain and France.
Orders in CouncilEdicts that closed European ports and any types of shipping. Napoleon seized all ships.
Chesapeake AffairBefore the Embargo Act.
Was attacked by the Leopard, resulting in the death of several Americans, infuriating the country.
ImpressmentKidnapping at sea.