History Test - March 22, 2016

xisawidu's version from 2016-03-22 11:28


Question Answer
The United States Federal Reserve System was established toregulate the money supply.
Which action was necessary to change from the indirect to the direct election of United States Senators?ratification of a constitutional amendment
An important political aim of the Progressive movement was tostimulate democratic reforms such as the initiative and the referendum
Congress has attempted to deal with the issue of taxing citizens fairly by enacting agraduated income tax
In the period from 1890 to 1920, which development was the result of the other three?passage of child labor laws by individual states
A main purpose of President Theodore Roosevelt’s trustbusting policies was toencourage competition in business
Since 1913, the United States banking system, interest rates, and the amount of money in circulation have largely been controlled by theFederal Reserve System
During which period in United States history were the amendments concerning the income tax, direct election of Senators. Prohibition, and women’s suffrage enacted?Progressive Era
A progressive income tax is based on the idea thattaxpayers with larger incomes should be taxed at a higher rate
The initiative, referendum, recall, and direct primary are all intended toincrease participation in government by citizens
Which event of the early 1900’s is evidence that Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle had an important impact on the United States?passage of legislation requiring Federal inspection of meat
A valid generalization about reform movements throughout United States history is thatmany reform movements have led to long-lasting changes in society
A major purpose of the Federal Reserve System is toregulate interest rates and the money supply
A major goal of reformers during the Progressive Era was tocorrect the abuses of big business
A belief shared by Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, and Woodrow Wilson is that the Federal Government shoulduse its power to regulate unfair business practices
A major function of the Federal Reserve System is tomanage the supply of currency and bank credit
The purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) was toeliminate unfair business practices
Both the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Clayton Antitrust Act were passed in response to the problem ofbusiness combinations limiting competition
What was a significant impact of the Progressive movement on American life?increased government regulation of business
The Populist and the Progressive movements were similar in their approaches to reform in that bothopposed the strict laissez-faire attitudes of the federal government
Reformers of the Progressive Era sought to reduce corruption in government by adopting a constitutional amendment that provided fordirect election of United States senators
Which law was passed as a result of muckraking literature?Meat Inspection Act
Muckrakers contributed to the rise of Progressivism in the early years of the 20th century byexposing widespread corruption in business and government
Which long-awaited goal of the women’s rights movement was achieved during the Progressive Era?right to vote
Passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act illustrated the federal government’s commitment toconsumer protection
Which president was known as a trustbuster?Theodore Roosevelt
President Woodrow Wilson supported creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 toregulate the amount of money in circulation
During the Progressive Era, Jane Addams responded to urban conditions by working to establishsettlement houses that provided assistance to the poor
According to the map, in which region of the United States did women receive the most support for equal suffrage before passage of the 19th amendment?West
Which idea led to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Food and Drug Administration?business activity must sometimes be regulated in the public interest
During the 20th century, federal prosecutions of corporations such as Standard Oil, AT&T, and Microsoft were based on alleged violations ofantitrust laws
In 1906, the publication of The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, led Congress toestablish a system for meat inspection
Which type of federal tax was authorized by the 16th amendment in 1913?income
What was the 18th Amendment, and what was the one-word term that is known by?prohibition; made it illegal to sell, transport, or make alcoholic beverages
What social problems led to the passage of the 18th Amendment?family abuse
Why was Theodore Roosevelt called a "trust buster?" Was he a "trust buster?"he went after trust (monopolies); and was out to break up monopolies
America's initial Open Door policy was essentially an argument forfree trade
Just before his nomination for vice president on the Republican ticket in 1900, Theodore Roosevelt served asgovernor of New York
Theodore Roosevelt can be best described asenergetic and self-righteous
President, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as theSquare Deal
President Taft's foreign policy was dubbeddollar diplomacy