History Test 2

danessa's version from 2015-10-02 02:45

Section 1

Question Answer
Middle Passage1700-1850; 3rd leg of triangular trade
Slaves Captured21 million
Death Toll1 in 7 died en route
Middle Passagejourney of Africans to North America

Section 2

Question Answer
Coloniel Society 170012 colonies
Georgianot identified as a colony yet
Coloniel Society 1700beginning of North/ South divide
Indentured Slaves1/2 of all whites outside of New England

Section 3

Question Answer
Chattel Slavery1619; property based on race
Plantation Economy labor intensive in the South

Section 4

Question Answer
Triangular Trade3 legs including slaves, sugar, & rum
Middle Passage3rd leg of triangular trade
Slaves Captured21 million
Death Toll1 in 7 died en route

Section 5

Question Answer
Olaudah Equianoformer slave given freedom; he wrote his story
Eliza Lucasindigo farmer

Section 6

Question Answer
Coffellline of slaves
Slave Barracooncoralle for human slaves
Slave Factoryfilled with people waiting for ships
Close Packing3 ft 3 inches high space for slaves on ships
Ready for Saletarred or greased & branded

Section 7

Question Answer
Rice & Indigobiggest crops in South Carolina
Yeoman Farmersfood feeds slaves
South Carolina Rice Plantationwhite people only stayed from Oct-March, then left slaves alone
Gullahpeople formed rice plantations; able to hold on to African cultures

Section 8

Question Answer
Scots-Irish2nd largest group of settlers on colonies
Scots-Irishfrom Ulster (Northern Ireland) 1600's
Scots-Irishclan orientated, isolated

Section 9

Question Answer
Great Philadelphia Wagon Roadarea claimed by Scots-Irish

Section 10

Question Answer
Age of ReasonA.K.A. The Enlightenment
Enlightenmentrejection of superstition; search for rational scientific explanations
Isaac NewtonPrincipia Mathematica- book writen by him
Thomas HobbesSocial Contract Theory
Social Contract Theorygovt gives order & people give obedience
John Lockewe are born with rights of life, liberty, & property
John Locke: "Grandfather of Declaration of Independence"

Section 11

Question Answer
Mercantilismmake Mother Country $$ & Mother Country provides defense for colonies
Tarifftax on imported goods
The Commonwealth Periodbonds of affection kept colonies from breaking free from England
Navigation Actspassed by Charles II
Navigation Actsall trade had to be on English ships, only raw materials to England, & all goods had to go through English port
Lowballingpay colonies less for raw materials
Gougingnow a .12 cent cigar cost .16 cents

Section 12

Question Answer
Benjamin Franklinself-made man
Silence DogoodFranklin's made up name that he used to write editor of newspaper with
Poor Richard's AlmanacFranklin printed sayings in these for entertainment
Richard Saundersprinted almanacs under this name
Franklinproved lightning was electricity

Section 13

Question Answer
French & Indian Warstarted in America
Reason of 7 Year Warfought over land of Ohio
4 Major Warsalways started in Europe; didn't affect America except to participate
AlliesFrench & Indians
Skulking Way of Warwhat English called the way Indians fought
Fort DuquesneFrench fort already in Ohio
Battle of Great Meadows1st battle of French & Indian war

Section 14

Question Answer
General Edward Braddockwent with Washington back to Fort Duquesne but they had to build road for all his luggage
Albany CongressFranklin promoted the Plan of Union
Plan of Unionidea that colonies should join forces to fight
Prime Minister William Pitthired mercenaries to fight
Fort PittWashington renamed Fort Duquesne
Treaty of Paris1763; ended the war, French gave up all of Canada

Section 15

Question Answer
Great Awakeningemerged as a series of revivals
Jonathon EdwardAmerican; brought religion back to the heart
George WhitefieldEnglish preacher, good speaker
Deistbelieves in higher power but not a trinity; Franklin