History Test 1

danessa's version from 2015-09-17 00:59

Section 1

Question Answer
Africans & Chinesemay have made it to America before Columbus
Vikings & Basque(from Northern Spain) fishermanhad already explored parts of America

Section 2

Question Answer
Migrations from Asia to Western Hemispherepursued megafauna like Wooly Mammoth & Giant Beaver
Migrations from Asia to Western Hemispherecrossed land bridge

Section 3

Question Answer
ClovisIndians who hunted megafauna 14,500 years ago(Paleo-Indians)
Athabascansmigrate & adopt (Southwestern Indians)
Hohokamresponsible for irrigation (Southwestern Indians)
Mongollanknown for pottery (Southwestern Indians)
Anasazicliff dwellings (Southwestern Indians)
Folsom Huntersused atlatls

Section 4

Question Answer
Paleo-Indiansclung to Eastern face of Rocky Mnts
Atlatlwooden stick used as extension of hunter's arm
Olmec Heads proof that Africans visited Mexico
Mother Culture or Mother Civilizationolmec heads

Section 5

Question Answer
Teosinteclosest relative to corn
Warcaused corn to disperse north
3 Sisterscorn, beans, & squash
Asprin & IpecacIndians introduced to settlers

Section 6

Question Answer
Acoma Pueblo"Sky City"; Spanish invaded and cut off left foot of men
Adena1st of mound builders; built burial mounds
Adenalived in Ohio River Valley
HopewellSerpent Effigy Mound
Mississippian built villages on these mounds
Cahokiabiggest of Mississippian mounds

Section 7

Question Answer
Columbian Exchangeanimals devastated the New World; plants damaged ecosystem
ExtractionSpanish; gold & silver
ExploitationSpanish; labor & slaves
King's Fifthking gets 1/5 of gold,etc...

Section 8

Question Answer
Hernando De Sotodiscovered the Mississippi River
"Shatter Zone"S.W. United States disease everywhere
Francisco Vasquez de Coronadofound Seven Cities of Cibola
Tiwa WarCoronado lived with Indians & Spanish; raped women
"Turk"Indian who led to now Great Plains; killed by Coronado

Section 9

Question Answer
Sante Felast stop for Coronado
De Sotomissed gold in Appalachians
Coronadomissed silver in Tombstone, Az

Section 10

Question Answer
Lost ColonyRoanoke Island; North Carolina coast
Jamestown1607; 1st permanent English settlement
Virginia Companyjoint-stock company; lured by God, Glory, & Gold
Headright System1616; given 50 acres to every indentured servant to come to America
Indentured Contractserve 4-7 years as laborer in return for passage to America
Freedom Duesonce service complete, given land, tools, seeds, & animals; no voting rights
House of Burgesses1st legislative body formed in North America

Section 11

Question Answer
John Smithsaid "work or starve"
John Smith mapped coastline
Powhattanchief; father of Pocahontas
Pocahontas10 years old when she met Smith
Pocahontasmarried John Rolfe

Section 12

Question Answer
Tobacco"staple"; used as currency in Virginia & Maryland
Trinidadtobacco was from here
Virginia1619; slaves arrived to work the tobacco
Marylandfounded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore
Catholicsmore likely to get estates over Protestants

Section 13

Question Answer
Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion1676; moved Indians out of land for newly freed indentured slaves
Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellionled to African slaves; they are less likely to rebel

Section 14

Question Answer
Puritanismproduced by Protestant Reformation; wanted to purify the Church of England
Puritistsdon't work hard for $; work to become elect
Visible Saintselected to go to heaven
Seperatistsleft from Holland

Section 15

Question Answer
John Calvinall humans weak & wicked; "sanctified lives" led by predestined
Martin Lutherwanted to reform the Church of England

Section 16

Question Answer
Pilgrims1620; negotiated with Virginia Company to settle north of Jamestown
Mayflower Compactset of rules to obey
Somoset & SquantoIndians who showed pilgrims how to grow maize
1621First Thanksgiving

Section 17

Question Answer
John Winthropbecame Governor; wrote why Puritans should go to America
Great Migration11,000 in 1st 10 years
A City on a HillAmerica
Vacuum Domiciliumlands not occupied could be taken
Doctrine of DiscoveryChristains trump non Christians
Governor Winthropcalled democracy the "meanest & worst" of all forms of govt
Earthly Pleasureslaws against kissing in public, etc...

Section 18

Question Answer
Roger Williamsbelieved in seperation of church & state, to protect church
Roger Williamsfounded colony of Rhode Island
Rhode Islandknown as colony of "otherwise minded"
Anne Hutchinsonbanished to Rhode Island for preaching
Half-Way Covenant1662; all people accepted to church

Section 19

Question Answer
Salem Witch Trials1690's; 20 people executed
Yankeesmerchant, con from New England
Quakersoffended by religious & civil rule
William Pennfather of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania"best poor man's colony"
Pennsylvaniamodel for states to come

Section 20

Question Answer
Barbadosideal for sugar cane
Barbados "The Jewel in the Crown" (British Empire)
Charlestown, South CarolinaBarbados colonists came to here

Section 21

Question Answer
Pequot-Puritan War1636; Indians caught in middle between Putitan colonies & enemy Indians
Wampumshells used for currency
Chief Sassacuschief of Pequot Indians
Mohegan & Narragansettsjoined the English in war
UncasMohegan chief that had Pequots killed
"King Philip's War"1675; Wampanoags tribe; war over cattle
Metacomchief of Wampanoag Indians

Section 22

Question Answer
1607Jamestown founded
16141st Powhattan war ended
1616Headright System
1619African slaves arrived in Virginia to work tobacco farms
16211st Thanksgiving
1622347 settlers, including John Rolfe, killed
1634Maryland founded
1636Pequot-Puritan war
1662"Half-way Covenant"
1675"King Philip's War"
1676Bacon's Rebellion
1693Salem Witch Trials end

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