Chapter 26 Sections 3 and 4
1. Margaret Thatcher Great Britain’s first woman prime minister and conservative party leader who aggressively introduced free marker measures.
2. John Major Thatcher’s successor who led a Conservative party increasingly divided over Great Britain’s ties to Europe.
3. Tony Blair the new prime minister who moved away from Labour’s traditional socialism and favored low taxes, tightly controlled social spending, and closer ties to Europe.
4. Paddy Ashdown saw benefits of Britain’s participation.
5. Sinn Fein the IRA’s political wing that entered talks with British and Irish officials.
6. Francois Mitterand France’s first Socialist president.
7. Willy Brandt chancellor of West Germany
8. Helmut Schmidt Willy Brandt’s successor
9. Jacques Chirac a conservative mayor of Paris who was elected president of France.
10. Helmut Kohl a conservative chancellor; presided over the reunification of Germany following the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
11. Juan Carlos I guided Spain into a new era of democracy as the new king.
12. Felipe Gonzalez leader of Spain’s democratic government
13. Jose Maria Aznar Spanish voters replaced the Socialists with a conservative
14. Andreas Papandreou brought Greece into the European Community.
1. Northern Ireland the British-ruled province torn by divisions between Protestants and Catholics.
2. Cyprus a Mediterranean island republic divided between feuding Greek and Turkish communities.
1. IRA Irish Republican Army; fought British rule by attacking British military forces and civilians in the province and in Great Britain.
2. European Community the Common Market broadened its activities to include political and financial affairs.
3. Treaty of Maastricht signed by The European Community in 1992; it set up the European Union; aimed to extend cooperation among members.
4. Single European Act ended most obstacles to trade among EU members in 1993.
5. Euro Dollar principle features of the EMU.
6. referendum popular vote
7. Neo-Nazis protested against immigration from southern Europe and the Middle East.
8. collective security joint agreement by nations to protect themselves from attack.
9. EU European Union; aimed to extend cooperation among European Community members.
10. EMU Economic and Monetary Union; principal features will be common currency known as the Euro and central bank.
11. The Channel Tunnel linked the island country to mainland Europe after Great Britain and France had be separated for thousands of years by the English Channel.
1. Boris Yeltsin Russian leader who sent Russian troops into Chechnya.
2. Alexander Lebed Yeltsin’s aide who was sent by Yeltsin to Chechnya to work out an agreement to end the conflict.
3. Slobodan Milosevic president of Serbia.
4. Alija Izetbegovic president of Bosnia-Herzegovina
5. Franjo Tudjman president of Croatia
6. Brian Mulroney prime minister whose Conservative party came to power in 1984; tried in vain to get English-speaking Canada to accept a special status for Quebec.
7. Jean Chretien prime minister who was a firm believer in national unity and opposed Quebec separation.
8. Zahid Olorcic remembers how to multi-ethnic population lived in harmony.
1. Sarajevo the Bosnian capital
2. Dayton where the three presidents met in November 1995 and agreed to the partition of Bosnia into distinct Serb and Muslim-Croat areas
3. Tajikistan Central Asia Republic that had peacekeeping forces that were backed by the CIS.
4. Chechnya territory of the Chechens located in Southern Russia near the Caspian Sea
5. Armenia claimed ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh; made significant advances and took control of much of the disputed territory.
6. Azerbaijan claimed ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh; Nagorno-Karabakh lies entirely within this enclave.
7. Nagorno-Karabakh enclave claimed by Armenia and Azerbaijan.
8. Sri Lanka Indian Ocean Island republic that belonged to the Sinhalese and the Tamils.
9. Quebec people of this province wanted independence from English-speaking Canada.
10. Ontario Canada’s most populous province.
1. Ethnic cleansing the Serbs ruthlessly expelled rival ethnic groups from the areas taken by their army.
2. atrocities cruel actions
3. embargo a ban on trade
4. Chechens among the ethnic groups of Russia; declared their independence from Russia in 1994.
5. enclave a small territory entirely surrounded by another territory.
6. Ossetians minority ethnic group that caused separatist uprisings.
7. Abkhazians minority ethnic group that caused separatist uprisings; declared their region on independent republic in 1994.
8. Kurds Sunni Muslims who live mostly in Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.
9. Sinhalese Buddhists who make up 75 percent of Sri Lanka’s population.
10. Tamils Hindus who make up 18 percent of Sri Lanka’s population.
11. Bloc Quebecois the Quebec separatist party.
Terms and such.
Henry Clay introduced the compromise of 1850
Wilmont Proviso proposed that Colombia prohibit slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico.
Know Nothings were highly against foreign immigrants
Kansas-Nebraska Act banned slavery north of the 36,30 lateral. Said that both states would choose between slavery and free
Jefferson Davis former senator from mississippi and secretary of War under Franklin Pierce, was elected the confederacies first president
Dred Scott Decision This case eventually made it to Supreme Court which ruled that police must try to capture runnaway slaves , and that blacks had no rights that white man was bound to respect
Free Soilers those who favored leaving slavery alone in the South where it already existed but opposed its extension into the territories
Calhoun Resolutions set down the southern view of the status of slavery in the territories. Territories are the common possession of the states and not the federal government, calhoun argued.
Republican successor to the Whigs, began as generally anti-slavery party , but even that description covers a wide range of beliefs.
John Brown was a fanatical abolitionist from Connecticut who had come to Kansas to help win the territory for the antislavery forces
Popular Sovereignty the residents of a territory should decide on the status of slavery.
Fort Sumter a federal fort in the south , strategically centered in the mouth of chaleston Harbor.
General Beauregard Beauregard opened fire on fort Sumter
Anderson ordered Beauregard to open fire on fort Sumter.
Crittenden proposed a series of amendments that would have extended the Missouri Compromise line of 36, 30 for the western territories and would guarantee the protection of slavery where it already existed
Fire Eaters the most radical of the southerners. Extremists who advocated the South's leaving the Union as the only way to preserve the Southern way of life
Pottawatomie Massacre brown's men butchered five proslavery settlers with razor-sharp swords
Daniel Webster helped in finding a peaceful solution between north and south
Uncle Tom's Cabin written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, the most successful abolitionist literature
Name the four major leaders that up to this point kept us from going to war. Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Zachary Taylor
List the four men that ran for President in 1860. John C. Breckinridge, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, Abraham Lincoln
Name the last four states to sucede from the Union. Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee
List the first seven states to sucede from the Union Mississippi, Alabama, Texas, Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana
List the five points of the compromise of 1850. 1. California be admitted as a free state , 2. The slave trade-but not slavery-be abolished, 3. A federally enforced fugitive slave act, which would put the government solidly behind the return of runaway slaves, 4. The protection of slavery in the district of columbia, 5. The new territories of New Mexico and Utah be organized without reference to or restrictions on slavery