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History Review

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Updated 2009-05-17 11:16

Chapter 26 Sections 3 and 4

Section 3

People
Question Answer
1. Margaret ThatcherGreat Britain’s first woman prime minister and conservative party leader who aggressively introduced free marker measures.
2. John MajorThatcher’s successor who led a Conservative party increasingly divided over Great Britain’s ties to Europe.
3. Tony Blairthe new prime minister who moved away from Labour’s traditional socialism and favored low taxes, tightly controlled social spending, and closer ties to Europe.
4. Paddy Ashdownsaw benefits of Britain’s participation.
5. Sinn Feinthe IRA’s political wing that entered talks with British and Irish officials.
6. Francois MitterandFrance’s first Socialist president.
7. Willy Brandtchancellor of West Germany
8. Helmut SchmidtWilly Brandt’s successor
9. Jacques Chiraca conservative mayor of Paris who was elected president of France.
10. Helmut Kohla conservative chancellor; presided over the reunification of Germany following the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe.
11. Juan Carlos Iguided Spain into a new era of democracy as the new king.
12. Felipe Gonzalezleader of Spain’s democratic government
13. Jose Maria AznarSpanish voters replaced the Socialists with a conservative
14. Andreas Papandreoubrought Greece into the European Community.
memorize
Places
Question Answer
1. Northern Irelandthe British-ruled province torn by divisions between Protestants and Catholics.
2. Cyprusa Mediterranean island republic divided between feuding Greek and Turkish communities.
memorize
Terms
Question Answer
1. IRAIrish Republican Army; fought British rule by attacking British military forces and civilians in the province and in Great Britain.
2. European Communitythe Common Market broadened its activities to include political and financial affairs.
3. Treaty of Maastrichtsigned by The European Community in 1992; it set up the European Union; aimed to extend cooperation among members.
4. Single European Actended most obstacles to trade among EU members in 1993.
5. Euro Dollarprinciple features of the EMU.
6. referendumpopular vote
7. Neo-Nazisprotested against immigration from southern Europe and the Middle East.
8. collective securityjoint agreement by nations to protect themselves from attack.
9. EUEuropean Union; aimed to extend cooperation among European Community members.
10. EMUEconomic and Monetary Union; principal features will be common currency known as the Euro and central bank.
11. The Channel Tunnellinked the island country to mainland Europe after Great Britain and France had be separated for thousands of years by the English Channel.
memorize

Section 4

people
Question Answer
1. Boris YeltsinRussian leader who sent Russian troops into Chechnya.
2. Alexander LebedYeltsin’s aide who was sent by Yeltsin to Chechnya to work out an agreement to end the conflict.
3. Slobodan Milosevicpresident of Serbia.
4. Alija Izetbegovicpresident of Bosnia-Herzegovina
5. Franjo Tudjmanpresident of Croatia
6. Brian Mulroneyprime minister whose Conservative party came to power in 1984; tried in vain to get English-speaking Canada to accept a special status for Quebec.
7. Jean Chretienprime minister who was a firm believer in national unity and opposed Quebec separation.
8. Zahid Olorcicremembers how to multi-ethnic population lived in harmony.
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Places
Question Answer
1. Sarajevothe Bosnian capital
2. Daytonwhere the three presidents met in November 1995 and agreed to the partition of Bosnia into distinct Serb and Muslim-Croat areas
3. TajikistanCentral Asia Republic that had peacekeeping forces that were backed by the CIS.
4. Chechnyaterritory of the Chechens located in Southern Russia near the Caspian Sea
5. Armeniaclaimed ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh; made significant advances and took control of much of the disputed territory.
6. Azerbaijanclaimed ownership of Nagorno-Karabakh; Nagorno-Karabakh lies entirely within this enclave.
7. Nagorno-Karabakhenclave claimed by Armenia and Azerbaijan.
8. Sri LankaIndian Ocean Island republic that belonged to the Sinhalese and the Tamils.
9. Quebecpeople of this province wanted independence from English-speaking Canada.
10. OntarioCanada’s most populous province.
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Terms
Question Answer
1. Ethnic cleansingthe Serbs ruthlessly expelled rival ethnic groups from the areas taken by their army.
2. atrocitiescruel actions
3. embargoa ban on trade
4. Chechensamong the ethnic groups of Russia; declared their independence from Russia in 1994.
5. enclavea small territory entirely surrounded by another territory.
6. Ossetiansminority ethnic group that caused separatist uprisings.
7. Abkhaziansminority ethnic group that caused separatist uprisings; declared their region on independent republic in 1994.
8. KurdsSunni Muslims who live mostly in Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.
9. SinhaleseBuddhists who make up 75 percent of Sri Lanka’s population.
10. TamilsHindus who make up 18 percent of Sri Lanka’s population.
11. Bloc Quebecoisthe Quebec separatist party.
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Terms and such.

TermDefinition
Henry Clayintroduced the compromise of 1850
Wilmont Provisoproposed that Colombia prohibit slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico.
Know Nothingswere highly against foreign immigrants
Kansas-Nebraska Actbanned slavery north of the 36,30 lateral. Said that both states would choose between slavery and free
Jefferson Davisformer senator from mississippi and secretary of War under Franklin Pierce, was elected the confederacies first president
Dred Scott DecisionThis case eventually made it to Supreme Court which ruled that police must try to capture runnaway slaves , and that blacks had no rights that white man was bound to respect
Free Soilersthose who favored leaving slavery alone in the South where it already existed but opposed its extension into the territories
Calhoun Resolutionsset down the southern view of the status of slavery in the territories. Territories are the common possession of the states and not the federal government, calhoun argued.
Republicansuccessor to the Whigs, began as generally anti-slavery party , but even that description covers a wide range of beliefs.
John Brownwas a fanatical abolitionist from Connecticut who had come to Kansas to help win the territory for the antislavery forces
Popular Sovereigntythe residents of a territory should decide on the status of slavery.
Fort Sumtera federal fort in the south , strategically centered in the mouth of chaleston Harbor.
General BeauregardBeauregard opened fire on fort Sumter
Andersonordered Beauregard to open fire on fort Sumter.
Crittendenproposed a series of amendments that would have extended the Missouri Compromise line of 36, 30 for the western territories and would guarantee the protection of slavery where it already existed
Fire Eatersthe most radical of the southerners. Extremists who advocated the South's leaving the Union as the only way to preserve the Southern way of life
Pottawatomie Massacrebrown's men butchered five proslavery settlers with razor-sharp swords
Daniel Websterhelped in finding a peaceful solution between north and south
Uncle Tom's Cabinwritten by Harriet Beecher Stowe, the most successful abolitionist literature
memorize

Essays

QuestionAnswer
Name the four major leaders that up to this point kept us from going to war.Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Zachary Taylor
List the four men that ran for President in 1860.John C. Breckinridge, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, Abraham Lincoln
Name the last four states to sucede from the Union.Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee
List the first seven states to sucede from the UnionMississippi, Alabama, Texas, Florida, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana
List the five points of the compromise of 1850.1. California be admitted as a free state , 2. The slave trade-but not slavery-be abolished, 3. A federally enforced fugitive slave act, which would put the government solidly behind the return of runaway slaves, 4. The protection of slavery in the district of columbia, 5. The new territories of New Mexico and Utah be organized without reference to or restrictions on slavery
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