History of Western US

yabbadabba's version from 2017-05-24 15:36

Section 1

Question Answer
Reservation System1830's, allowed Indians to keep citizenship with tribes but only within reservation boundaries
Gold Rush1849, Movement of people to the west in hopes of finding gold and riches. Built San Francisco overnight. Established california economy. 49er's
Lousiana Purchase1803, Purchase by US from France for large amount of land heading westward from louisiana and touched in Oregon. Purpose for lewis and clark.
Bracero ProgramTerminated in 1960's, series of laws and diplomatic agreements in retaliation against illegal Mexicans (Braceros) taking jobs from legal Mexicans.
Thomas JeffersonPresident who sent out Lewis and Clark to investigate louisiana purchase

Section 2

Question Answer
Franklin D. Roosevelt1932, President that's responsible for new deal programs in attempt to relieve great depression
Dust BowlDirty 30's, area in great plains that were constantly hit with dust storms. Created unhealthy environment, killed crops, endangered lives and environment
Great Depression1929, dirty 30's, stock market crashed and economy tanked leaving people out of jobs
Theodore Roosevelt1901, Set aside large amount of land for environmental reasons, reclamation act, built many dams.
Oregon Trail1830's, Trail of fur traders, and migrant wagons of pioneers traveling west

Section 3

Question Answer
French relationship with IndiansFirst contact, fur trading, intermarriage
British relationship with IndiansFuck the Indians, we want your land, gave Indians disease
Spanish relationship with IndiansFuck the Indians, we want your land, maybe we can convert them, eventually conquered by British

Section 4

Question Answer
AztecsPeople of the four corners, went into decline for unknown reasons, Pueblos, Had tens of thousands of people
ComancheLong lasting Indian tribe that actually had some power against the new world. Went from 1690's to 1860's. Used bison, horse, and other technologies. Migrant and flexible.
Knights of Labor1869, First important national labor organization, anyone could join
Herbert HooverPresident when great depression hit, too busy worrying about federal deficit to input programs, built dams,
Boarding Schools1870's, schools where native children can become "Americanized"

Section 5

Question Answer
Transcontinental Railroad1869; Railroad that connected east and west, finished under Ulysses S. Grant, employed tons of foreigners to complete, both ends met in Utah
Sierra Club1892; Environmental organization that helped pass Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Endangered Species Act
Bear Flag Revolt1846; Americans rebelled and overtook California from Mexico and made it into an independent republic that lasted for 29 days before joining the US
Richard NixonConservative president elected in 1968, resigned over watergate scandal, sagebrush rebellion, reated diplomatic ties with Russia and China
Battle of Little Bighorn1876, Custer's Last Stand, battle between Indians and US calvary in which US calvary was overwhelmed and beaten, happened due to Indians missing deadline to move out of reservations

Section 6

Question Answer
Buffalo BillCreated show that ran from 1870's to 1900's that went on tour and "embodied the spirit of the west." Mostly cowboys vs. Indians; Sitting Bull was in on it; tons of cash
Ronald Reagan1981; Reagonomics, brought end to cold war, signed more environmental laws than any other president, generally badass
Stonewall Riots1969 LGBT rebellion in New York that started at a bar where cops would try to drive them out
Harvey Milk1978; Gay rights leader, first openly gay politician
Wise UseCoalition of groups that advocated for private property rights over government regulation, stemmed from sagebrush rebellion

Section 7

Question Answer
Chinese Exclusion Act1882; restricted Chinese immigration, first time US made such a law
Worcester Vs. Georgia1832; Case that gave the federal government rather than the states power to regulate relations with Native Americans
Cherokee Nation Vs. Georgia1830's; Deemed Native American tribes as independent nations
Fur trade1600's Onwards; Allowed new and old world to economically connect, primarily with French and native americans
EO 90661942; EO that put Japanese into camps as response to Pearl Harbor; first time US rounded up a race like that

Section 8

Question Answer
Cesar Chavez1960's and 70's; Labor organizer that represented working Mexican migrants, stood up for working conditions and led several strikes
Sagebrush Rebellion1980's; Movement against environmental efforts for mass amount of land to be taken by federal government
Indian Reorganization Act1934; "Indian New Deal" that served to restore Indian relations economically
James K. Polk1845; President, Extended America's boundaries westward by taking Oregon territory, before Gold rush
James G. WattSecretary of Interior under Reagan, helpful in sagebrush rebellion, not cool

Section 9

Question Answer
Spotted Owl1990's; Put on endangered species list, people couldn't harm habitats within 1.3 miles, ended up saving 40% of forests
Overland trail1860's; Stagecoach trail stretching through Oregon, California, and the Mormon trails. Mostly used for delivering mail and the gold rush, became obsolete with TCRR
Mariano Guadalupe VallejoCaptured during Bear Flag Revolt for two months, served on first state legislature
Compromise of 1850California becomes free state, Utah & New Mexico enter as territories, established boundaries with Texas, abolished D.C. slave trade, fugitive slave act
Kansas Nebraska Act1854; Divided land west of Missouri into Kansas and Nebraska and allowed them to decide whether or not to be free or slave states, opponents found republican party

Section 10

Question Answer
Sand Creek Massacre1864; Massacre white Americans pulled on Native American tribes that resulted in 150ish Native Americans dieing at the hands of about 650 Americans
New Deal1930's; Series of laws that expanded government powers amidst great depression, established social security, emergency banking act, etc.
Annexation of Texas1846; Conflict over border between Texas and US
US-Mexico War1846-1848; War that stemmed from annexation, ended with treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoUS paid Mexico 15 million, US won border conflict, Mexicans could choose citizenship or deportation