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History II Final

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amwages's version from 2016-12-06 05:17

Section 1

Question Answer
Dwight EisenhowerWar Hero from Europe,
Dwight EisenhowerThe 1952 Election
Dwight Eisenhower1st time use of tv commercials
Dwight EisenhowerAppointed business leaders to important cabinet positions
Dwight EisenhowerWhat was good for…General Motors.”
Dwight EisenhowerCut govt. spending
Dwight Eisenhower1960 – 1 Bill. $ Surplus
Frances Gary PowersAmerican pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission in Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident
John Foster Dullesserved as U.S. Secretary of State under Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower
John Foster Dullesstern, religious, and anti-communist
Jacobo Arbenzpresident of Guatemala from 1951 to 1954, during which time Communists were alleged to have acquired decisive influence.
Jacobo ArbenzHis overthrow by an invasion sponsored by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency represents a watershed in that country's violent history.
Fidel CastroCuban leader
Fidel Castroestablished the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959.
Fidel CastroHe ruled over Cuba for nearly five decades, until handing off power to his younger brother Raúl in 2008.
Eugene McCarthyUS senator, whose entry into the 1968 race for the Democratic presidential nomination ultimately led President Lyndon B. Johnson to drop his bid for reelection.
Hubert Humphrey38th vice president of the United States (1965–69) in the Democratic administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson and presidential candidate of the Democratic Party in 1968.
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
The economy of the 1950s can best be described as good
_____________ Economics promotes the idea that the government had every obligation to protect the economy in a capitalist society.Keynesian
What factors were responsible for some the economic prosperity of the 1950s?Rise of the GNP (Gross National Product) Economic Reconversion Decline of Unemployment Continued Govt. Stimulus Spending Corporate Consolidation The “Postwar Contract”-Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
The Salk Vaccine was noted for preventingpolio
The Hydrogen Bombfirst one in 1952
SputnikSoviet artificial satellite the first of which launched on October 4, 1957 first satellite to be placed in orbit.
Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
The Little Rock Ninea group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.
Massive Resistancea group of laws, passed in 1956, intended to prevent integration of the schools. A Pupil Placement Board was created with the power to assign specific students to particular schools.
Montgomery Bus Boycott a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
The Cuban Missile Crisis began whena U2 flyover the island of Cuba in October 1962, U.S. intelligence discovered nuclear missiles there.
New Frontierwas Kennedy’s plan to extend and improve the Roosevelt policies of the 1940s.
War on Povertywas Johnson’s plan to fight poverty.
Civil Rights Actwas also known as the Voting Rights Act.
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Alan Shephardfirst American in space
Yuri GugarinRussian Soviet pilot and cosmonaut first human to journey into outer space
__________ Alliance was created to defend the U.S. and Western Europeans against a Soviet attack.NATO
Sam Phillipswas the owner of Sun Records in Memphis, TN.
Elvis Presleywas the Memphis native that was famous for being a white man that sang black songs.
Buddy Hollywas the Texas musician that meets an untimely death in an airplane crash.
Chuck Berryshould really been credit for the invention of Rock ‘n Roll.
Dick Clarkhosted the show “American Bandstand.”
John F. KennedyWas from an affluent family; War hero
John F. KennedySenator from Massachusetts; Won the 1960 Presidential Election; Lyndon Johnson ran as Vice-President
Lyndon JohnsonBecame president after the assassination of Kennedy
Lyndon JohnsonHad a big, convincing personality; The “Great Society”
Lyndon JohnsonThe Civil Rights Act of 1964; The Voting Rights Act of 1965
Lyndon JohnsonThrusts American Forces into the Vietnam Conflict
Richard Nixonknown for ending the Vietnam War and improving U.S. relations with the Soviet Union and China.
Jimi Hendrixplayed the Star-Spangled Banner on his/her guitar at the Woodstock Concert.
The Kent State “Massacre” was a result of a protest against theCambodian Campaign
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Lee Harvey OswaldAmerican sniper who assassinated President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Nikita Khrushchevled the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War Though he largely pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West, he instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis by placing nuclear weapons 90 miles from Florida
Martin Luther King, Jr. a Baptist minister and social activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement
James Meredithfirst African American student at the University of Mississippi
Medgar Eversbecame the first state field secretary of the NAACP in Mississippi; he organized voter-registration efforts, demonstrations, and economic boycotts of companies that practiced discrimination
Medgar Everswas killed in his drive-way
Fannie Lou Hamervoting rights activist, civil rights leader, and philanthropist. She was instrumental in organizing Mississippi's Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Malcolm XAfrican American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam, who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s preferred violence
Ho Chih Minhfounder and first leader of the Vietnamese Communist Party. led the movement for Vietnamese independence and unity through struggles with France and the United States
Ngo Dihn DiemA staunch anti-Communist, he joined the U.S.-backed government, making himself president in 1955.
Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionHe then submitted to the Senate a resolution that authorized him to take “all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.”
The Vietconghe communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces
The Geneva Accordsarranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War. The agreement was reached at the end of the Geneva Conference. A ceasefire was signed and France agreed to withdraw its troops from the region.
Robert KennedyAttorney General during his brother JFK's administration. He later served as a U.S. Senator and was assassinated during his run for the presidency.
memorize

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