History Final - January 21, 2016

rogososu's version from 2016-01-20 03:52


Question Answer
During the election of 1860, the Democratic partysplit into Northern and a Southern faction.
The event that touched off the process of secession for the majority of southern states wasthe election of Lincoln to the presidency.
Before the Civil War, slavery expanded in the South rather than in the North becausegeographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations.
The Crittenden Compromise contained all of the following provisions exceptthe reestablishment of the Missouri Compromise line.
In his first inaugural address, Lincoln laid down all the following basic principles exceptthe institution of slavery would not be allowed to continue anywhere in the United States.
The Civil War began whenthe South fired on Northern forces in Fort Sumter.
Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States?The government was a union of people and not of states.
At the outset of the war, the North enjoyed all of the following advantages excepta stronger will to fight.
The difficulties of the Union war effort includedextended supply lines across hostile territory.
At the beginning of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln favoredquick military action to show the folly of secession.
Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run wouldlead to the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond.
The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory becausethe defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
During the Civil War, the Northern economy changed in that thecoal industry increased production.
The Civil War affected the northern economy bystimulating industrialization.
During the Civil War, the economy of the Southwas devastated by the widespread destruction.
As the commander in chief of the Union army, President Lincoln washighly competent but not infallible.
George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, is best described asoverly cautious.
After assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, General George McClellan made the mistake ofconsistently believing that the enemy outnumbered him.
As a result of the Union loss in the Peninsula Campaign,Lincoln began to draft the Emancipation Proclamation.
As a result of the Confederate victory in the Peninsula Campaign,the Union turned to a strategy of total war.
The most serious Confederate threat to the Union blockade camefrom the ironclad Merrimack (renamed the Virginia).
After defeating McClellan at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Robert E. Lee decided toinvade the Union via Maryland.
In invading Maryland, one of Lee's key objectives was toinspire the Border States to rise up and join the Confederacy.
The 1862 Union campaigns in Virginiaresulted in a frustrating and bloody stalemate.
A victory at Antietam probably would have won Confederate independence, becauseFrance and Britain were on the verge of recognizing the Confederate government.
The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical, because itprobably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy.
The Battle of Antietam was thebloodiest single day's fighting of the war.
After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellanwas removed from his field command.
One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the Confederate thrust into the North at Antietam wasthe Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans.
The two major battles of the Civil War fought on Union soil wereGettysburg and Antietam.
The North's victory at Antietam allowed President Lincoln toissue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Slavery was legally abolished in the United States by theThirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect ofstrengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union.
When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves inConfederate states still in rebellion against the United States.
The Confederacy enlisted slaves into their armya month before the war ended, when the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
During the American Civil War, Great Britain adopted the policy ofremaining neutral, while permitting limited aid to the Confederates.
Robert E. Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order todeliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the Northern peace movement.
The Battle of Gettysburg was significant, becauseUnion victory meant that the Southern cause was doomed.
As a theorist of warfare, General William T. Sherman wasa pioneer of the strategy of total warfare aimed at destroying civilian morale.
In the 1864 election, Abraham Lincoln's running mate wasAndrew Johnson.
In the 1864 election, the Democratic party nominatedGeorge McClellan to oppose Lincoln's reelection.
General Ulysses S. Grant's basic strategy in the Civil War involvedassaulting the enemy's armies simultaneously and directly.
The supreme test of American democracy in the nineteenth century wasthe Civil War.
Sea power played an especially important role in the Civil War in the form of theUnion blockade of the Confederate coast.
The most important aspect of the Emancipation Proclamation was that itgave the Union the moral high ground when it came to diplomacy.
In the summer of 1864, General Grant faced criticism becausehis army had suffered huge numbers of casualties in Virginia.
Ulysses S. Grant became a Union hero afterforcing the unconditional surrender of Fort Henry and Fort Donnelson.
General Sherman's troops saved their worst punishment forSouth Carolina.
Why did Sherman advocate a policy of "total war"?He felt it would end the war quicker.
Control of what geographic feature was the objective of Union forces in the west?Mississippi River.
The first major Southern city captured by Union forces wasNew Orleans.
On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant atAppomattox Courthouse.
What was a major result of the Civil War?The power of the central government was strengthened.
The era of Reconstruction can best be described asan important first step toward civil rights.
A major failure of Reconstruction was thatracist attitudes continued in the North and South.
To help black southerners adjust to freedom, Congress createdthe Freedmen's Bureau.
The Freedmen's Bureau eventually had all of the following powers exceptcreating a welfare system.
Which argument was used by President Abraham Lincoln to explain his policy of leniency toward the South after the Civil War?Healing the nation's wounds quickly is essential.
In his proposal for postwar Reconstruction, Lincolnset a tone of forgiveness.
Lincoln's plan for Reconstructionwas intended to bring Southern states back into the Union quickly.
In his Ten Percent Plan for Reconstruction, President Lincoln promisedrapid readmission of Southern states into the Union.
Lincoln's death was a disaster for the South, becausehe likely would have been in favor of a more generous, mild reconciliation.
Carpetbaggers wereNortherners who came South and took political office in the newly created Southern political system.
Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in Southern States primarily tokeep African Americans from exercising their right to vote.
The purpose of the Black Codes was toguarantee white supremacy in the South.