HIST 321 Exam 1

swimmergirl171994's version from 2015-09-30 21:37

Section 1

Question Answer
MinoansArchaic Period. Not Greek by language or descent
King MinosArchaic Period. Son of Zeus and Europa. Zeus abducts her. Attica believes he is a tyrant. Also, the The Judge of Hades
Mycenaeans1600-1100 BC. Indo-European. Troy (1200 BC) micro-event of invasions
HomerDark Ages (900 BC) Mycenaean's fought the Trojans
Trojan WarsMycenaean's Period. Found in late 1800's by Schiliemann
ErisGoddess upset that she was not invited to Thetis's wedding. Created a competition to see which goddess was the Fairest
AchillesThetis tried to make her son immortal However missed ankles
Dark Ages1100-800 BC. Homer "end of Heroic age" little written records
Age of Polis800-550 BC. Overpopulation- crowded. Two Waves of colonization: 1) Ionia, Italy 2) Libya, S. France. Oracle encouraged it
Oracle at DelphiPolis Period. Dedicated to Apollo
Greek Flood StoryMan was being punished by Jupiter. Deucalion (m) and Pyrrah (f). Mercury helped save them. The two were to throw stones to create new life as well as have children on there own. The Greeks were decedents of Deucaliion and Pyrrah’s real children. Everyone else comes from the stones of the earth. Therefore Greeks think themselves as superior
Thales of Miletus625 BC first natural philosopher and thinker to abandon the Greek mythology
SpartaPolis Period. Dorian. Began with a dual monarchy then transformed into military run. Importance of the Hoplites and academy for boy at 7
LycurgusPolis Period. legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation
Peloponnese LeaguePolis Period (500 BC). all in league except Achaea and Argos
AthensAthena and Posiden fought over region (olives). Turned democratic; Council of the Areopagus and the Assembly
Solonconsidered the first Athenian Law Giver. Unlike Lycurgus, Solon was focused on economics and trade, not war. Important! Limited size of landholding to increase the number of farmers, no exporting of staple crops!
Pisistratus(607-528) Set back for Athens. Pisistratus claims that Athena wants him to be ruler. The people believe him. Even after Pisistratus dies, he sons still rule in tyranny until 508
CleisthenesDuring Athenian revolt in 508 they ask Cleisthenes for help. Created democratic and military reforms- ten tribal divisions instead of 4, self-representation, direct vote of generals
Persian Wars(500-448) Began with Revolt in Miletus (Athens aided). Darius wanted Athens to pay
Themistocles Classical Period. created the Athenian navy army (Trireme ships)
Battle of Marathon(490) Athenians outnumber 4:1. Philippides ran to get Sparta's aid
Thermopylae(480) Xerxes, promises revenge for father’s defeat. (called Persian army the Immortals) Thermopylae's geography was basically a cliff so Sparta “funneled” them through this narrow passing
Pericles(495) He will be the one that orchestras the re-building of Athens. (with the money that from the Delian League )
Parthenon(438) took nine years to build. Made Athens the intellectual center of Greece along with the Amphitheater
Peloponnesian War(431-404) Pericles wants to go to war with Sparta, Socrates disagrees. When Sparta attacks Athens's burned and plagued. Call a truce until the sickness is over. Sicily is attack and Athens is reduced in 404
ThucydidesClassical Period. Wrote "Peloponnesian War". Wrote about an event, not a period. He does not discuss art, literature, or anything not related to war. Blames his people for the war
Battle of LeuctraClassical Period. Theban Sacred Band defeated Spartans. Reduce Sparta. Come back with your shield or on it

Section 2

Question Answer
Philip IIBy 350, Philip begins to exercise greater control in Macedonia and begins to conquer the northern city-states of Greece. Easy because Greek are fighting amonst themselves
Battle of Chaeronea(338) Defeated Athenian and Theban Army. End of the Polis
Alexander the GreatFathers assassinated. Age of 20 pronounces ruler. Horse named Thessalian
Hellenistic Age336-350 BC. Carried out father’s desire to crush Persia
Battle of Issus333 BC. In Issus, first time Darius III and Alexander battle face-to-face. Alexander wins and captures Darrius wife and daughters. In this victory, Alexander makes the claim that he his the King of Persia
Battle of Gaugamela331 BC. In present day Iraq. Darius attemped to neogiated w. Alexander- giving him marriage (no), shared kingship (no).
AntipaterLeader of Macedonia and Greek after Alexander. City-state seeked independence
TheogonyDark Age Period (700 BC) Ideal past when man and the gods lived in harmony
Works and DaysHesiod gives practical advice on living. Live justly. Children are a liability
ParmenidesPolis Period. every-day perception of reality of the physical world (as described in doxa) is mistaken
Zeno of EleaPolis Period. Student of Parmenidea Argued that if we see things in motion and our theory does not allow motion, then our senses must lie
SophistsSophists were philosopher-teachers who traveled about in Greece teaching their students everything that was necessary to be successful in life including rhetoric and public speaking.
Socrates470-399 BC. To know the truth is to do the truth: “no one ever does wrong willfully” . Everything we know about him comes from Plato’s Apology
Plato427-347 BC. Built the Academy in Athens. Reconciled the idealist and the realist. Forms and the Cave
Aristotle's Poltics Studies all the types of governments. Believes that Monarchy, Aristocracy and Polity can be good as long as the ruling class does it for the best interest. But if they do it for themselves they become a Tyranny, Oligarchy and Democracy Aristotle did not like Democracy
The RepublicPlato's Book about the ideal polis. "The perfect government should serves the greatest good for the greatest number of people " however he never states which government is the best.
Aristotle384-322 BC God is perfect, unmovable. Can only think about perfect and unmovable. So therefore he can only think about himself.
Epicureanism341-270 BC His philosophy conveyed the ultimate conviction that individuals can live in serene happiness, fortified by the continual experience of modest pleasures. Garden Philosopher
Stoicism(Cypriot Zeno 335-263 BC) Everything predetermined Happiness: accept one’s lot in life