HIST 211 Exam 2

swimmergirl171994's version from 2015-11-02 04:01

Section 1

Question Answer
Canaanites1600 BC. Levant (Buffer Zone). Supreme God is El. morally debased, and ethically crude and violent
Philistines1200 BC. Sea People. From Aegean Sea region and Crete. Invaded Levant
Hebrews1250 BC. Conquered the Canaanites. The time of the Judges: 1200- 1000 B.C. Samson. Large recorded history. Must have a proper burial
Kassites1500-1200 BC. Nomads
Hittites1595 BC. Hittites fought Egypt for political control of Canaan-- Nonaggression pact – 1284 Destroyed by Philistines in 1200 BC
Assyrians1114 - 612 BC Masters of Fertile Crescent. God of War is Ashur. Extended themselve too far when conquering Egypt. Strong Military, first to use horsemen
Sargon II721 BC. When Sargon Conquers Israel- he will practice forced mass migration- he moves people out and move people in– helps mix cultures. Creates a Jewish hybrid (Jews hate them) they are called Samaritans

Section 2

Question Answer
Nebuchadnezzar605-586 BC. A Warrior, seen in the bible as a tyrant but to his people he was a peaceful leader. Creating Canals, roads, temples, Great garden and fortification around Babylon
Babylonian Captivity586 BC. Babylonian conquer the land of Juda. Destroys Jerusalem all people that could walk are taken captives. Destroys Hebrew as a language.
Persian EmpireBuilt bridges, canals, roads, passes through mountains
Cyrus the Great550BC Persian. Crushed Babylonians, Great Liberator.
Darius I521-486 Vowed to Crush Athens for their support to Miletus. Battle of Marathon

Section 3

Question Answer
Minoans3000BC Crete, Sir Arthur Evans, Heninrich Schliemann, King Minos , Zeus Birthplace
Mycenaean’s2000-1600 BC Indo European. Not much known. Relied on Trade
HomerMycenaeans fought the Trojans – ca.1200 B.C. Iliad and Odyssey
DoriansPhonetic alphabet
Persian Wars500-448 BC. 490 B.C. commanded by Darius “Athens must be punished.” 480 B.C. Xerxes
Peloponnesian Wars431-404 BC. Pericles wants to go to war with Sparta, Socrates disagrees. When Sparta attacks Athens's burned and plagued. Call a truce until the sickness is over. Sicily is attack and Athens is reduced in 404
Democracy – AthensAthena and Posiden fought over region (olives). Turned democratic; Council of the Areopagus and the Assembly
Philip IIBy 350, Philip begins to exercise greater control in Macedonia and begins to conquer the northern city-states of Greece. Easy because Greek are fighting amonst themselves
Battle of Chaeranea(338) Defeated Athenian and Theban Army. End of the Polis
Alexander the GreatFathers assassinated. Age of 20 pronounces ruler. Horse named Thessalian
Hellenism336-350 BC. Carried out father’s desire to crush Persia
Philosophy Pre-Socratic (Natural Philosophers)
Socrates470-399 BC. To know the truth is to do the truth: “no one ever does wrong willfully” . Everything we know about him comes from Plato’s Apology
PlatoClassical Greece. Theory of Forms, Demiurge, Plato's Apology
RepublicPlato's Book about the ideal polis. "The perfect government should serves the greatest good for the greatest number of people " however he never states which government is the best.
Aristotle384-322 BC God is perfect, unmovable. Can only think about perfect and unmovable. So therefore he can only think about himself.
PoliticsAristotle. Best Polity. Monarchy-Tyranny, Aristocracy-Oligarchy, Polity-Democracy

Section 4

Question Answer
Romulus and Remus753 BC Founders of Rome
EtruscansEtruscan ruler Tarquin – 509 B.C
Battle of Tarentum Battle of Tarentum 282 B.C. Greek Colony-- Pyrrhic Battle
TarquinTarquin and killing of Servius– Rape and suicide of Lucretia. Birth of the Roman Republic
CincinnatusInvaders (Aequi) in the 4th Century are rising up. Cincinnatus is a citizen and government comes and gives him role of dictatorship to defeat the Aequi. After 6 months he then gives up power. George Washington completely believed in Cincinnatus’s ideals
Hannibal2nd Punic War- Cross Alps with 30 Elephants. Battle of Zama 202 BC
Punic Wars3rd war- Cato induced “Carthago delenda est”
Macedonian WarsKing Philip V of Macedonia allied with Carthage. Took over Greece. Greeks asked for help. After 4th war Rome Annexed Macedonia - First Hellenistic province.