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Hiragana

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blackhawk124's version from 2017-01-18 17:18

Hiragana Vowels

HiraganaRomaji
a
i
u
e
o
memorize

K Column + dakuten

HiraganaRomaji
Ka
Ki
Ku
Ke
Ko
Ga
Gi
Gu
Ge
Go
memorize

S Column + dakuten

HiraganaRomaji
sa
shi
su
se
so
za
ji
zu
ze
zo
memorize

T column + dakuten

HiraganaRomaji
ta
chi
tsu
te
to
da
ji <--- although barely used unless kanji's normal sound is that
(d)zu
de
do------ pronounced "doh"
smaller "tsu" (prolongs consonant)
memorize

N Column + n

HiraganaRomaji
na
ni
nu
ne
no
n -> "m" if following b or p, "ng" if followed by g
memorize

H column + dakuten + handakuten

HiraganaRomaji
ha ("wa" after when used as the topic particle)
hi
hu or fu
he or "e" as a preposition
ho
ba
bi
bu
be
bo
pa
pi
pu
pe
po
memorize

M Column

HiraganaRomaji
ma
mi
mu
me
mo
memorize

R Column

HiraganaRomaji
ra
ri
ru
re
ro
memorize

Y + W Columns

HiraganaRomaji
ya
yu
yo
wa
(w)o --> object making particle
memorize

Y Column digraphs (learn last)

HiraganaRomaji
きゃkya
きゅkyu
きょkyo
ぎゃgya
ぎゅgyu
ぎょgyo
しゃsha
しゅshu
しょsho
じゃja
じゅju
じゅjo
ちゃcha
ちゅchu
ちょcho
にゃnya
にゅnyu
にょnyo
ひゃhya
ひゅhyu
ひょhyo
びゃbya
びゅbyu
びょbyo
ぴゃpya
ぴゅpyu
ぴょpyo
みゃmya
みゅmyu
みょmyo
りゃrya
りゅryu
りょryo
memorize

What do those little markings mean?

 

The little markings that look like this ゙ and like this ゚, they are called the Dakuten ( ゙)(だくてん) or Ten-ten (てんてん) and Handakuten ( ゚)(はんだくてん) markings. The Dakuten marking makes the sound more like an echo and the handakuten makes it so the sound is more like that of a "p".

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