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Hi Yield 109.6 (270-301) - 110.0

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mhewett's version from 2016-07-21 13:41

Section 109.6 (270-301)

The _____ are small blood vessels that nourish the walls of large vessels. Vasa vasorum
Does the ureter pass over or under the uterine artery? Under MNEMONIC: "Bridge" over the "Water"
What is the most common outcome of unilateral dysfunction of the recurrent laryngeal nerve? What is the outcome of bilateral damage? Changes in voice (i.e. hoarseness); Aphonia (inability to produce sound
After removal of a thyroid gland tumor via surgery a man returns with complaints of dysphonia (impaired voice production). What nerve was most likely injured by this procedure? Right recurrent laryngeal nerve
What is the primary innervation to the muscles of the larynx? What muscle does not have this innervation? What is this muscles innervation? Recurrent laryngeal nerve; Cricothyroid m.; Superior laryngeal nerve
A horizontal lesion at the optic chiasm (e.g. pituitary adenoma) would cause what type of visual field deficit? Bitemporal heteronmymous hemianopsia
Which of the extrocular muscles raises the upper eyelid? What is its innervation? Levator palpebrae; Oculomotor n. (CNIII)
_____ is due to compression of the cervical sympathetic chain by neck injuries, neck tumors, or pancoast tumors of the lung. This compression inhibits sympathetic stimulation of the head ipsilaterally. Horner's syndrome
What muscle, contrained within the iris, causes mydriasis? Miosis? Dilator pupillae muscles; Sphincter pupillae muscles
Is mydriasis a sympathetic or parasympathetic response? Miosis? Sympathetic; Parasympathetic
What is the primary innervation to the muscles of the tongue? What muscle does not have this innervation? What is this muscles innervation? CN XII; Palatoglossus m.; CN X
What muscle of the tongue is used to stick out the tongue? What is its innervation? Genioglossus; CN XII
What are the four main muscles of the tongue? (1) Genioglossus m. (2) Hypoglossus m. (3) Palatoglossus m. (4) Styloglossus m.
What cranial nerve is associated with taste to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue? Posterior 1/3? Facial n. (CNVII); Glossopharyngeal n. (CNIX)
All of the muscle of mastication come from what brachial arch? What is their innervation? 1st brachial arch; CN V (mandibular branch, V3)
What are the branches coming off the aorta, in descending order from the diaphragm? (1) Celiac trunk (2) Superior mesenteric artery (3) Renal arteries (4) Gonadal arteries (testicular/ovarian) (5) Inferior mesenteric artery
The aorta bifurcates into what two arteries? (1) Right commin iliac a. (2) Left common iliac a. (a small branch descends from the bifurcation of the aorta known as the median sacral artery)
The celiac artery splits, primarily, to become what two major arteries? (1) Hepatic a. (2) Gastroduodenal a.
The inferior mesenteic artery splits, primarily, to become what two major arteries? (1) Superior left colic a. (2) Superior rectal a.
Do neurologic abnormalities persist following a TIA? Following a CVA? No; Yes
In what major blood vessel would you expect to find occlusion with unilateral symptoms, contralateral paresis, and contralateral sensory loss? Internal carotid a. (or major branches: anterior and middle cerebral aa.)
In what major blood vessel would you expect to find occlusion with bilateral problems and one or more of the following: vertigo, ataxia, diplopia, facial abnormalities, confusion, or binocular blindness? Vertebrobasilar system (vertebral or basilary a.)
What gender is associated with the persistence of the wollfian duct and its derivative, the mesonephric duct, during development? Males
What gender is associated with the persistence of the mullerian duct and its derivative, the paramesonephric duct, during development? Females
What hormone suppresses the development of the Mullerian duct in males? What type of cells secrete this hormone? Mullerian inhibiting factor (MIF); Sertoli cells
What type of cells in the skin are sensitive to light pressure? Merkel cells
What type of cells in the skin are sensitive to vibration and pressure? Meissner's (tactile) corpuscles
What type of cells in the skin are sensitive to light touch and vibration? Pacinian (lamellar) corpuscles
True or False: At temperatures in excess of 120 degrees F, cold fibers fire. True, patient will sense pain and cold, despite extreme heat
What type of hematoma most commonly occurs after a blow to the side of the head? Epidural hematoma
Although a blow to any part of the head can cause a subarachnoid hemorrhage, a blow to the _____ is more likely to do so. Occipital region (i.e. back of the head)

Section 110.0 Clinical Pharm Review

African sleeping sickness (encephalitic stage; late stage)
Amoebiasis
Anaerobic infections above the diaphragm
Anaerobic infections below the diaphragm
Ankylosing spondylitis
Anthrax