HGD #4

amwages's version from 2017-04-13 03:27

Section 1

Question Answer
emotionsfeeling that occurs when a person is in a state or interaction important to them
primary emotionsappear within the six months of life ex. anger, sadness, joy
self conscious emotionsrequire self awareness and cognition ex. jealousy, embarrassment appear age 1 and 2
3 types of crybasic, anger, pain
reflexive smileseen in first month during sleep
social smile4-6 weeks
stranger anxietyfear of strangers; 9 months
fear6 months of age; peaks at 18 months
separation protestcrying when the caregiver leaves; 15 months
temperamentindividual's behavior style
easy child40%
difficult child10%
slow to warm up15%
goodness of fitmatch between the child's temperament and environment
attachmentclose emotional bond between 2 people
social referencinggathering emotional ques to determine how to act in a certain situation
Harry HarlowStudied attachment by using baby monkeys
E. EriksonTrust vs mistrust
severely attachedupset when caregiver leaves; reunite when return
insecure avoidantnot upset when caregiver leaves; don't reestablish contact when return

Section 2

Question Answer
self understandingcognitive representation of self
rouge testtell if infant has developed sense of self; 2 years of age
perspective talkingability to assume another person's perspective
self esteemevaluation of the self
self regulationAbility to control behavior without having to rely on others
selective optimization with compesation theoryaging adults accomodate their losses
Eriksoncrisis for adolescence; identity vs. indentity confusion
crisisindividual exploring options
commitmentpersonal investment in identity
personalityenduring personal characteristics of individuals
trait theorybroad dispositions called traits
trait situation interactionboth traits and situation must be considered to understand personality
midlife crisismiddle-age to adult is crossed with past and future
erikson's crisis for middle age-generativity vs. stagnation (g-adult's desire to leave a legacy vs. s-self-absorbed)

Section 3

Question Answer
gendercharacteristics of people as males and females
social cognitive theory of gendergender development occurs through observation and immitation and through rewards and punishments
cognitive developmental theory of gendergendertyping occurs after children think of themselves as boys or girls
gender stereotypesgeneral impressions and beliefs about males and females
relational aggressionharming someone by manipulating a relationship
androgynyhigh degree of masculine and feminine characteristics in the same individuals
rapport talk(females) language of conversation
report talk(males) talking designed to give info
common STIchlamydia
moral developmentchanges in thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong
L. Kohlbergused interviews about moral dilema stories to see how people reason
carol gilliganwomen's moral development
care perspectiveview people in terms of their relationship and concern for others
idunconscious thoughts and desires; no contrast to reality
egoreasoning to make decisions but may not consider right and wrong
superego"moral branch" right or wrong