HGD #2

amwages's version from 2017-02-22 19:49

Section 1

Question Answer
Immunizations preventmany diseases and illnesses
Leading cause of death for kidsAccidents
Chronic Disordersslow onset, long duration
Osteoporosisloss of bone tissue; more common in women
Alzheimer'sGradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical function
Benefits of breast milkless sick, better vision, smarter, gain appropriate weight
Aerobic exercisesustained activity that stimulates heart and lung functioning
Exercising can increase longivity, prevent chronic diseases, treatment of diseases, improves brain functioning
Addictionpattern of behavior that involves physical or psychologcial dependence or both
reflexesautomatic built in reactions to a stimulus ex. rooting and sucking
Gross motor skillslarge muscle movements- sequence is same but timing varies
When do we reach our peak physical performancebefore 30

Section 2

Question Answer
Fine motor skillsfinely tuned movements ex. plucer grasp, thumb and index movements
sensationinformation interacts with the senses
perceptioninterpretation of what we sense
visual preference methodused to determine an infant's distinguish from one thing to another
Habituationdecrease in response to a stimulus after repeated exposure
dishabituationthe recovery of a habituated response after a change in stimulus
visionlease developed sense at birth
size constancyobjects remain the same even though the retinal image of the object changes
shape constancyobject remains the same shape even though orientation to us changes
depth perceptionhow far an object is
visual cliffuse to see if infants have any perceive of depth
Presbyopiadifficult seeing close objects
Cataractsthickening of...

Section 3

Question Answer
Hearingdevelops last to mouth of pragace- declines at the age of 40
Presbycasisgradual hearing loss, hearing acid
Touch and Painthe first sense to develop
smellalso develops in the utero
tastealso develops in the utero (2 hours of being born they can taste)
Intermodal perceptionIntegrated information from two or more senses
Languageform of communication that is spoken, written, or signed
morphologyunits of meaning involved in word fornication ex. help-1 morphene helper-2 morphene
Phonemebasic unit of sound in a language
Syntaxway words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences
semanticsmeaning of words in sentences
cryingfirst attempt to communicate
cooing2-4 months of age...mostly vowel sounds
babblingstring of consonant and vowel sounds
1st wordsunderstand more than spoken
18 monthsmore words...ex. "paw paw"
2telegraphic speech
Telegraphic Speechuse of short words without grammatical markers
by age six a child usually knows how many words14,000
by age 11 a child usually knows how many words40,000

Section 4

Question Answer
phonics approachteach basic rules of translating written syllables into sound
whole language approachteach reading by using visual retreival
tip of the tongueconfident can remember something, but just can't
Broca's arealeft frontal lobe and is involved in producing words
Wernike'sinvolved in language comprehension
aphasialoss or impairments of language processing
Chomsky's LADhumans are biologically pre-wired to learn language at a certain time and way
Child directed speech"baby talk" spoken higher pitch, small sentences