Create
Learn
Share

Health Test (Human Body)

rename
lunifer's version from 2017-11-13 03:58

Notes

Diagrams are separate. Links:
Human Skeleton
Anterior Muscles
Posterior Muscles
must know all! even the skeleton

 

I got some info from students who took the test and apparently we must know EVERYTHING ?

Joints

Question Answer
what is a joint?the place where two bones meet
immovable jointshave fused together and no longer move
partially moveable jointsallow slight movements in all directions
pivot jointrotates side to side
ball and socket jointmoves all around
gliding jointmoves up and down and side to side
hinge jointbends and straighten
an example of an immovable jointskull
2 examples of ball and socket jointsshoulder, hip
2 examples of pivots jointsspine. neck
partially moveable joints are located all along the _____backbone
2 examples of hinge jointselbow, knee
2 examples of gliding jointsankle, wrist
memorize

Bones

Question Answer
ligaments attach ____ to _____bone to bone
tendons attach ______ to _____muscle to bone
what are the ossicles calledmalleus, incus, and stapes
where are the ossicles atinner ear
ossicles are the _____ bones in the bodysmallest
what are the ossicles nicknamedhammer, anvil, stirrup
memorize

Skeleton

Question Answer
the skeleton is the ______ of the bodyframework
how many bones (adult)206
list 3 important organs it protectslungs, heart, brain
storehouse for...minerals
memorize

Muscles

Question Answer
muscles can only _____contract (pull)
muscles are usually arranged in _______ ____ around a joinantagonistic pairs around a joint
muscle growth is calledhypertrophy
muscle loss is calledatrophy
red fibres =slow twitch (endurance)
white fibres =fast twitch (strength)
how can muscles be namedshape, location, function
what are the three main kinds of musclesskeletal, cardiac and smooth
there are more than ____ different skeletal muscles in the body600
what do skeletal muscles dobundles of tiny fibers that help the body move as they lengthen and shorten
what do cardiac muscles domakes the heart beat and pump blood through the body
what do smooth muscles dohelps move food along the digestive tract
muscles are either _______ or _______voluntary (you choose to do it) or involuntary (works automatically)
memorize

Arms

Question Answer
brachialislong wiry muscle that helps move the forearm, located at upper arm
bicepstwo headed muscle that flexes the elbow joint, found at the front of the arm
tricepsmuscle underneath the upper arm, straightens out the arm
deltoidflat powerful muscle on the back of the shoulder, helps control movement of neck, back and arms
memorize

Legs

Question Answer
most of thigh muscles attached to _____ bonepelvic
calf muscles help raise the ____ from the ground and maintain _____heel, balance
many muscles of the lower leg ____ and act upon the hip/knee or knee/ankle jointscross
memorize

Brain

Question Answer
controls other _____organs
controls ______ ______muscle activity
secretes _____hormones
memorize

Heart

Question Answer
shaped like afist
divided into...four chambers
name the four chambers of the heartleft atrium, left ventricle, right atrium, right ventricle
how does the heart workblood enters right atrium, empties into right ventricle, pumped to the left atrium, exits through the left ventricle, then pumped through the aorta to all parts of the body
purposespumps blood around the body, transports oxygen and nutrients, removes cellular waste
memorize

Arteries

Question Answer
blood is _____ _____bright red (oxygen)
comes from the _______heart
high _____pressure (squirt squirt)
memorize

Veins

Question Answer
blood is _______dark colour (carbon dioxide)
blood is _______ to the heartreturning (low pressure)
veins have something that arteries don't which isvalves
memorize

Liver

all you have to know is that it does detoxification

Kidney

Question Answer
removal of ______ ______ of _______waste products of metabolism
natural filter of _____blood
remove water soluble _____wastes
memorize

Bladder

Question Answer
collects ____ excreted by _____urine, kidneys
memorize

Spleen

Question Answer
holds a _____ of _____reserve of blood
removes old ____ ____ ___red blood cells
helps _____ _____ fight off ______immune system, infection
memorize

Lungs

Question Answer
essential _______ organrespiration (or breathing)
transports ______ from atmosphere into ________oxygen, bloodstream
releases ______carbon dioxide
memorize

Terminology

Question Answer
anteriorfront
posteriorback
superiorabove
inferiorbelow
proximalcloser
distalfarther
lateraltowards outside
medialtowards midline
cruciatecross
deltatriangle
bitwo
cepshead
longuslong
trithree
maximusbiggest
minimussmallest
quadfour
brevisshort
pronationturn palms down
supinationturn palm up
abductionaway from the body
adductiontowards the body
memorize