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Health Definitions

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rijivoda's version from 2017-02-28 00:31

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Health Adjusted Life ExpectancyA measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality.
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY's)A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.
Burden of diseaseA measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called DALY's.
Under 5 mortality rateThe rate of deaths occurring in children under 5 years of age per 1000 live births.
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Physical EnvironmentThe physical surrounding in which we live, work and play. The physical environment includes water and air, workplaces, housing, roads, nature, schools, recreation settings and exposure to hazards.
Biological DeterminantsFactors relating to the body that impacts on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, birth weight.
Socioeconomic Status (SES)The social standing of an individual in comparison to others in that society.
Behavioural DeterminantsActions or patterns of living of an individual or a group that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity and eating practices.
Social Determinants of HealthAspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
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MorbidityRefers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group.
MortalityRefers to death, often at a population level
IncidenceThe number of new cases of a condition during a given period of time.
Prevalence'The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.' (AIHW, 2008)
Life Expectancy'An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change'.
Health Status'An individual's or a population's overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors" (AIWH)
Years of life lost (YLL)A measure of how many years of expected life are lost due to premature death.
Years lost due to disability (YLD)A measure of how many healthy years of life are lost due to illness, injury or disability.
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Determinants of Health'Factors that affect that level of health in a population or individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some groups have better can be classified in many ways such as biological, behavioural and social (AIHW, 2006).
Mental Health'State of well-being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community' (WHO, 2009)
Physical HealthRelates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Social HealthBeing able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
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