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Head, Neck, and Face

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mellowstar51's version from 2016-07-13 17:34

Section 1

Question Answer
SternocleidomastoidO: (Sternal head) superior manubrium, (Clavicular head) medial one-third; I: Mastoid process of the temporal bone
ScalenesO: (Anterior) C3-C6, anterior tubercles of transverse processes, (Middle) C2-C7, posterior tubercles of transverse processes, (Posterior) C5-C7, posterior tubercles of transverse processes; I: (Anterior) 1st rib and inner upper edge, (Middle) 1st rib and outer upper edge, (Posterior) 2nd rib and lateral surface
PlatysmaO: Fascia of superior pectoralis major and deltoid muscles; I: Inferior angle of the mandible
Longus colliO: Transverse processes of C3-C5 and anterior bodies of C5-T3; I: Transverse processes of C3-C6, anterior bodies of C2-C6, and anterior tubercle of C1
Longus capitisO: Transverse processes of C3-C6; I: Inferior surface of basilar part of occipital bone
SuprahyoidsO: (Geniohyoid/Mylohyoid) Underside of mandible, (Stylohyoid) styloid process of temporal bone; I: Hyoid bone
DigastricO: Mastoid process; I: Inferior border of the mandible
InfrahyoidsO: (Sternohyoid/Sternothyroid) sternum and manubrium, (Thyrohyoid) thyroid cartilage, (Omohyoid) scapula and superior border; I: (Sternohyoid/Thyrohyoid/Omohyoid) hyoid bone, (Sternothyroid) thyroid cartilage
Splenius capitisO: Nuchal ligament and spinous processes of C7-T3; I: Mastoid process of the temporal bone and lateral portion of superior nuchal line of the occiput
Splenius cervicisO: Spinous processes of T3-T6; I: Transverse processes of C1-C3
SemispinalisO: Transverse processes of C4-T10; I: Between superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
TemporalisO: Temporal fossa; I: Coronoid process and anterior border of ramus of the mandible
MasseterO: Zygomatic arch; I: Angle, ramus, and coronoid process of the mandible
Medial pterygoidO: Medial surface of lateral pterygoid plate of sphenoid bone and tuberosity of the maxilla; I: Medial surface of ramus of the mandible
Lateral pterygoidO: (Superior) Infratemporal surface and crest of greater wing of sphenoid bone; (Inferior) Lateral surface of lateral pterygoid plate of sphenoid bone; I: Anterior portion of the condyle of the mandible and articular disk of the temporomandibular joint
OccipitofrontalisO: Galea aponeurosis; I: (Frontalis) Skin superior to eyebrows, (Occipitalis) Superior nuchal line of occiput
memorize

 

Question Answer
Suboccipital muscle grouprectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor, oblique capitis superior, oblique capitis inferior
InfrahyoidsSternohyoid, Sternothyroid, Thyrohyoid, Omohyoid
SuprahyoidsGeniohyoid, Mylohyoid, Styloyhoid
memorize

 

Question Answer
GeniohyoidO: Underside of mandible; I: Hyoid bone
MylohyoidO: Underside of mandible; I: Hyoid bone
StylohoidO: Styloid process of temporal bone; I: Hyoid Bone
SternohyoidO: Top of manubrium; I: Hyoid Bone
SternothyroidO: Top of manubrium; I: Thyroid cartilage
ThyrohyoidO: Thyroid cartilage; I: Hyoid Bone
OmohyoidO: Superior border of scapula; I: Hyoid Bone
memorize

 

Question Answer
Rectus capitis posterior majorO: Spinous process of the axis (C2); I: Lateral part of the inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Rectus capitis posterior minorO: Tubercle on posterior arch of the atlas (C1); I: Medial part of inferior nuchal line of the occiput
Obliquus capitis superiorO: Transverse process of the atlas (C1); I: Between superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occiput
Obliquus capitis inferiorO: Spinous process of the axis (C2); I: Transverse process of the atlas (C1)
Rectus capitis anteriorO: Transverse process of the atlas (C1); I: Inferior surface of basilar part of the occipital bone
Rectus capitis lateralisO: Transverse process of the atlas (C1); I: Inferior surface of jugular process of the occipital bone
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Flexion of the head and neckSternocleidomastoid, Longus colli, Longus capitis, Scalenes (anterior fibers)
Extension of the head and neckSplenius capitis, Splenius cervicis, Semispinalis, Trapezius, Levator scapula
Lateral flexion of the head and neckAll same side: Sternocleidomastoid, Scalenes, Splenius capitis, Splenius cervicis, Semispinalis, Trapezius, Levator scapula
Rotation of the head and neckSame side: Levator scapula, Splenius capitis, Splenius cervicis, Longus colli, Lonvus capitis; Opposite side: Sternocleidomastoid, Scalenes
Elevation of the jawTemporalis, Masseter, Medial pterygoid
Depression of the jawSuprahyoids, Digastric, Platysma
Retraction of the jawTemporalis, Digastic
Protraction of the jawMedial and lateral pterygoid, Masseter
Lateral motion of the jawAll opposite side: Medial and lateral pterygoid
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
What creates the anterior triangle of the neckmandible, sternocleidomastoid, and the midline of the anterior neck
What creates the posterior triangle of the necktrapezius, sternocleidomastoid, clavicle
What is contained in the anterior triangle of the neckmajor blood vessels, nerves, lymph nodes, and the thyroid gland
What is contained in the posterior triangle of the neckmajor blood vessels, nerves, and lymph nodes
How to find the anterior triangle of the neck
How to find the posterior triangle of the neck
Where are the transverse ligament and ligamentum nuchaeligaments in (transverse ligament) and along (ligamentum nuchae) the spine
What are the purposes for the transverse ligament and ligamentum nuchaetransverse: help maintain position of dens; nuchae: provide strong muscle attachment sites
Differenes between C1 (atlas), C2 (axis), and rest of cergical vertebrae
General alignment of the cervical spine relative to the body
Layers of meningesdura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
Thoracic outlet syndromeThoracic outlet syndrome is a condition whereby symptoms are produced from compression of nerves or blood vessels, or both, because of an inadequate passageway through an area (thoracic outlet) between the base of the neck and the armpit.
What is contained in the transverse and vertebral foraminatransverse (vertebral blood vessels) and vertebral (spinal cord)
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Zygomaticcheek bone
Mandiblejaw
Mastoid processbehind the ear
External occipital protuberancepoint on the posterior skull
Mental protuberancemedial point of mandible
Frontal eminence2 rounded elevations on the frontal bone in the area of the frontalis
Supraorbital marginbony ridge above the eye sockets
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
Kissingorbicularis oris
Genuine smilezygomaticus major and orbicularis oculis
Wrinkling foreheadthe frontalis fibers of the occipitofrontalis
memorize

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