Hazards and disasters Subtopics Geography IB

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Please answer these questions by clicking on the question marks:

Section 1

Question Answer
Characteristics and distribution of earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, droughtearthquakes and volcanoes occur along plate boundaries
Why people live in hazardous areasBecause of land hortage
Vulnerability in relation to demographic and socio-economic factorsmore population=less resources
Discuss preparation and ability to deal with a hazard eventprevention is better than cure
Explain reasons for some sectors of a population being more vulnerablethey are not rich

Section 2

Question Answer
Relationship between risk of a hazard and probability of a hazard event occuring?
Why individuals and communities underestimate probability of hazard event?
Factors that determine an individuals perception of risk from hazard?
Methods used to predict probability of a hazard event and its potential impact (two examples)?

Section 3

Question Answer
Distinguish between hazard event and disaster?
Methods used to measure the spatial extent and intensity of a disaster?
Explain causes and impacts of a disaster resulting from a natural hazard event (example)?
Explain causes and impacts of a human-induced hazard event or disaster (example)?
Examine how impacts and intensity of disasters vary in space and change over time?

Section 4

Question Answer
DIscusss risk assesment before adjustment or response of hazard?
Describe the reduction of vulnerability by spreading the risk (aid, insurance) and by zoning ?
Stratergies to limit damage from potential hazard events and disasters?
Range of responses during and after hazard event or disaster - national and international (example)?
Distinguish between rescue, rehabilitation and reconstruction responses?
Factors that affect choice of adjustments before and response to hazard or disaster?
Importance of re-assessing risk and re-examining vulnerability after a major hazard event or disaster?

Section 5