Harmonic Function Vocabulary

jmd321's version from 2016-03-09 19:18

Section 1

Question Answer
tonic functionwhen two notes are played successively that is a melodic interval; two notes played simultaneously is a harmonic interval
dominant functioncreates instability that requires the tonic to release the tension and resolve the cadence
pre-dominant functionany chord that leads to a dominant chord such as the supertonic, subdominant, submediant, secondary dominant, minor six chord, and diminished seventh chord
cadential 6-4usually a 1 6-4 that is a part of a cadence, commonly goes to V7
arpeggiating 6-4a broken chord in the second inversion
neighboring/pedal 6-4when a third and a fifth of a chord are followed by their upper neighbors, while the bass stays on the chord tone that is the root of the first chord and the fifth of the neighboring chord

Section 2

Question Answer
deceptive progressionwhen a listener expects the music to move in a certain harmonic direction, but the music strays from what is expected
neighboring/pedal chordsoccur when the bass remains the same while the other notes move to neighbor notes and back
retrogression when chords move in a manner that is opposite of a typical progression
harmonic rhythm/rate of harmonic changerhythmic pattern provided by the changes in harmony

Section 3