santhoshv339's version from 2017-01-18 08:53

Other facts

Chinese traveller fa-hien ruleChandragupta II
Mehrauli Iron pillar inscriptionChandragupta I
Allahabad pillar inscriptionSamudragupta
About Allahabad inscriptionOn Ashokan pillar, Nagari classical sanskrit script - has lines composed by Harisena

Guptas Political

Question Answer
Founder of the Gupta dynastySri Gupta
Who succeded Sri GuptaGhatotkacha
Chandragupta I was first to be called asMaharajadhiraja
Chandragupta I marriedKumaradevi Princess lichavis
Samudragupta called asIndian Napolean
First Campaign of SamudraguptaNaga ruler Achyuta Kota family ruler Nagasena (Upper gangetic valley)
Samudragupta's Policy in South Indiagave them back their kingdoms. He only insisted on them to acknowledge his suzerainty
Samudragupta performed which sacrificeAshwameda issued gold and silver coins with the legend ‘restorer of theasvamedha
Extant of Samudragupta’s EmpireDirectly administered - upper Gangetic valley, the greater part of modern U.P., a portion of central India and the southwestern part of Bengal 2) Saka and Kushana principalities on the west and northwest were within the sphere of his influence. 3) kingdoms on the east coast of the Deccan, as far as the Pallava Kingdom, acknowledged his suzerainty.
Samudragupta skillspoet, music (aka Kaviraja), promoted sanskrit (harisena poet)
Samudragupta religionFollower of Vaishnavism but tolerant, keen interest in Buddhism (patron of vasabandhu scholar)
Who succeded Samudragupta ?Some scholars say Ramagupta, the elder brother of Chandragupta II - others say Chandragupta II Vikramaditya
Chandragupta II matrimonial alliancesmarried Kuberanaga, a Naga princess of central India - gave his daughter Prabhavati in marriage to the Vakataka prince Rudrasena II (who ruled in deccan ,this later helped him campaign against sakas)
What happened during Chandragupta II campaign on Sakasatrapsof western India ?Rudrasimha III, the last ruler of the Saka satrap was defeated, dethroned and killed. His territories in western Malwa and the Kathiawar Peninsula were annexed into the Gupta Empire. After this victory he performed the horse sacrifice and assumed the titleSakari,meaning, ‘destroyer of Sakas’. He also called himself Vikramaditya
What sea ports did Chandragupta II get access to after defeating Sakas ?Broach, Sopara, Cambay
Which city became alternative capital of Guptas ? Ujjain
What about trade during Chandragupta II's period ?With access to ports cotton clothes of Bengal,Indigo from Bihar, silk from Banares, the scents of the Himalayas and the sandal and species from the south were brought to these ports without any interference. The western traders poured Roman gold into India in return for Indian products - many gold coins were published
What were some conquests of Chandragupta II ?Enemy chiefs of Vanga, Bactria,Sakas
Who was the famous poet during the time of Chandragupta II ?Kalidasa (patronised by Chandragupta II)
Who succeded Chandragupta II ?Son Kumaragupta (general peace and prosperity,issued coins,Ashvameda)
Who laid foundations for Nalanda ?Kumaragupta
Who defeated Kumaragupta during the end of his reign ? powerful wealthy tribe called the ‘Pushyamitras’
Which Gupta king faced faced the Hun invasion ?Skandagupta successor of Kumaragupta
Why did Gupta empire decline ?Hun invasions and later by the rise of Yasodharman in Malwa
Chandragupta I time320 – 330 A.D
Samudragupta330 - 380 AD


Question Answer
What was the land route used by fa-hien and his return route? Khotan, Kashgar, Gandhara and Punjab return sea Ceylon and Java
What places did fa-hien visit in India ?Peshawar, Mathura, Kanauj, Sravasti, Kapilavastu, Kusinagara, Pataliputra, Kasi and Bodh Gaya
What was the purpose of visit of fa-hien ?see the land of the Buddha and to collect Buddhist manuscripts from India. He stayed in Pataliputra for three years studying Sanskrit and copying Buddhist texts
What does fa-hien say about religion in India ?Buddhism was in a flourishing condition in the northwestern India but in the Gangetic valley it was in a state of neglect. He refers to the Gangetic valley as the ‘land of Brahmanism’ - unsatisfactory state of some of the Buddhist holy places like Kapilavastu and Kusinagara
What does fa-hien say about economy ?economic condition of the empire was prosperous
What about fa-hien's account on Chandragupta II ?he did not mention the name of Chandragupta II. He was not interested in political affairs. His interest was primarily religion