Gupta Dynasty and Islamic Civilization

gedewubi's version from 2017-02-28 22:33


Question Answer
Caste SystemIndia's social structure in which a person in born. People inherited their caste from their parents, and they stay in that caste for their entire lives.
ReincarnationHinduism teaches that when a people die, there is a rebirth of a soul in a new body.
KarmaIt is the effect of person's actions in this and in previous lives. Bad karma (evil deeds) will bring rebirth into a lower caste or lower animal.
DharmaFor Hindus it is a persons duty or what is right for him or her.
Social Order of IndiaSocial Structure based on Caste ( a fixed social class). The order consists from highest to lowest: Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas,Sudras,and Dalits
IslamA religion based on the teachings communicated by Mohammad, people who practice Islam are called Muslims. They believe in Allah and strict obedience to the Five Pillars.
Qu'ran (Koran)The sacred book of Islam and contains he rules and ideals that Moslems follow. Muslims believe that Allah revealed the Koran tho the prophet Mohammad.
JudahismA religion based on the teachings of the Jewish bible, or Old Testament, especially the Torah, which consists of the first five books of the Bible
ChristianityA religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. The main ethical belief is Love of others. Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God and was sent from God.
MohammadAn Arabian prophet who, according to Moslems received Gods revelation and passed it on in the Koran.
Five Pillars of IslamThe main religious duties of every Muslim (belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage)
Sunni MuslimsThey are the larger group. They believe that the only source of Islam is the Koran.
Shiite MuslimsThey are the smaller group. They accept that there are three sources of Islam. - the Koran, Muhammad, and his descendants. They also believe that only the descendants of Ali can lawfully rule the Islamic community.