Group Dynamics

jaysica2014's version from 2017-07-10 23:50

Section 1

Question Answer
conflict, orientation, development of cohesivenessyalom
forming, storming, morning, performingtuckman
inclusion, control, and affectionschutz
fight, flight, and unitebion
overt experience of group/what u see during group processgroup content
forces that influence interrelationships of group members and affect group outcomesgroup dynamics
stages groups go thru as they progress from initiation to terminationgroup development
interpersonal relationships between members during group activitygroup process
member challenge is a _________ part of the group process and shouldnt be taken personallynatural
developmental sequence from birth to maturity thru life to death; stages are sepcific ad increase with complexitydevelopmental approach
promote redevelopment of abilities based on principles of neurophysiology; CNS/traumasensorimotor approach
focus on cognition, thoughts, beliefs, and emotions; built on principles of behaviorism by adding thinking to behaviors that can be observed, measured, and modifiedbehavioral cognitive approach
value of being human; equally valued no matter whathumanistic approach
focus on conscious rather than unconscious; id, ego, and supergopsychoanalytical approach
interfere with group functioningindividual roles
foster group communication and morale. maintenance roles
helps groups get work done. task roles
behavior patterns or structured ways of behaving within groupgroup roles

Section 2

Question Answer
explicit normscontent, ground rules, strucutre, leader expectations
implicit normsprocess, not verbalized, assumptions about topics, emotional expression, other behaviors
OT leaders shape norm thru initial ___ of group members, ___ ground rules and ____ participationinsturcution, setting, model-settin
once norms are ___ they are hard to changeestablished
5 reasons why group norms changegreater maturity, trust has progressed, unspoken tension are blocking group progress, one+ members play individual roles, leaders support members who take risks and discourage members that block
4 ways a leader exerts control over grouplimit inappropriate behavior, respectful limit setting, assume appropriate authority, equal time
democratic; gathers support from members; decisions made by group w/limited cognitiondirective leadership
most passive style; liimited to hightest functioning groupsadvisor
seven step format for activity groupactivity, intro, generalize, proces, summary, sharing, application

Section 3

Question Answer
timing, goals, physical/mental capacity, knowledge/skill, adaptability of activityactivity
warm up, setting mood, expectation, explain purpose, outlineintroduction
adress cognitive aspect of group; OT sums up groups response to activity generalizing
express how members feel about each other and the experienceprocessing
practitioner verbally empahsizes important aspect of group so they will be understood correctly and rememberedsummary
after each activity each person is invited to share their own work or experiencesharing
goes 1 step further than generalizing by helping group understand dhow principles learned during group can be applied to everyday lifeapplication
activity should be simple and short, no more than ____ of total session1/3
how leader exerts control over goup: assumes apporpaite authority; allows for sufficient ___ for each member to contributetime
advantages to co-leadingmutual support, increased objectivity, increased knowledge, models for each other, take on diff roles
disadvantages to co-leadershipsplitting (members favor one over other), competition, unequal contribution
6 group leadership skills COTA may posses for group therapyencourage interaction, respond w/empathy, attain client's goals, carry out group protocols, report responses observed during group, teaching skill/knowledge of crafts

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