What is said in the chapter about culture, gender, and normative pressure? Know about “tight” cultures versus “loose” cultures and individualistic cultures versus collectivistic cultures. Culture, Gender, Normative Pressure
cultures in which norms are clear and reliable imposed and deviance is punished through criticism and rejection. Example is Japan.
Cultures in which norms are less clear and deviance is tolerated. Example the US
Individual cultures versus collectivistic cultures
Collectivistic cultures emphasize the importance of the group and community and the value of conformity. Result conformity. Asia, Africa and South American cultures are examples.
Individualistic cultures emphasize
the importance of the individual, value independence, and view conformity negatively. Examples: The US, Netherlands, Great Britain, Canada.
What are the two main theories of minority influence? How can minority influence be important to a group and enhance group effectiveness?
Minority influence-stimulates us to - take in more information and make better decisions. Minority views create stress, anger, and irritations in a group. They can both positively and negatively affect a group. Disasters allow for minority dissent. Minority influence can enhace a group decision.
How do new members learn the norms of a group and how can this process be facilitated? What is “socialization” in group dynamics terms?
the process by which new group members learn the norms of the group. They can formalize the norms, Assign a mentor. Old members need to remember what it was like for them to make it easier for a new person.
How should we respond to norm violations in a group?
Leaders should respond quickly to norm violations. Assertively confront the violator.