Gross Anatomy of Digestive System

esbaid's version from 2016-01-23 21:22

Section 1

Question Answer
What do Palatine tonsils do?Keep exposure to pathogens to a minimum
What do Parotid glands do?Part of salivary glands, they produce antibacterial lysozyme fluid that cleans the mouth
Pharynx Sub-divisions?Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Larynopharynx
Which nerves innervate salivary glands?7th & 9th
Stomach epithelium?Simple columnar epithelium
Oesophagus epithelium?Keratinised stratified squamos epithelium
What is the Peritoneum?It is a layer of mesothelium supported by a thin layer of connective tissue, it covers the stomach
The small intestines end as the Ileum enters the...?Caecum (start of colon) in the right iliac fossa, The right iliac fossa is a common site of pain and tenderness in patients who have appendicitis.
What hangs off the end of the caecum?The appendix vermiformis
What kind of neural control is the anal canal smooth muscle?Autonomic
What kind of neural control is the external anal sphincter?Somatic (skeletal muscle)
The pancrease proenzymes are activated till they reach the...?Duodenum
What are the 3 major branches of the abdominal aorta?Coelic trunk, superior mesneteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery
What does the Coelic trunk (branch just below diaphragm) supply?Lower oesophagus, stomach, 1st part of duodenum, Spleen, liver & pancreas
What does the superior mesenteric artery supply?2nd part of duodenum to transverse colon
What does the inferior mesenteric artery supply?transverse colon to anal canal

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