Greece and Rome Test Review

wofojihi's version from 2016-12-14 23:32


Question Answer
What is an opportunity cost?What is lost/given up because of a decision
What is cultural diffusion?The spread of ideas/culture
What is interdependence?The way that areas rely/depend on each other for goods and services
What is regional specialization?The product or skill that an area is known for
What is polytheism?Belief in many gods
What is monotheism?Belief in one god
Why were the aqueducts important to the ancient Romans?They supplied the people with fresh water.
Why did the ancient Romans build roads?It made travel and trade easier.
What was the significance of the Twelve Tables? Why were they created?The patricians held all of the power in the Roman Republic. The patricians would frequently change laws whenever they wanted since they were made orally. After the Conflict of Orders, the plebeians demanded a written code of laws, so the Twelve Tables (12 written down laws) were created.
What factors contributed to Rome transitioning from a republic to an empire?The main contributing factor was the dictatorship of Julius Caesar. He was elected dictator for 6 months but ruled for years.
Who was Julius Caesar and what is significant about his rise to power and rule?Caesar was elected dictator for 6 months to handle an emergency. However, he eventually ruled for several years after gaining loyalty from the troops and winning a war with the Senate.
In what ways did the ancient Romans modify the environment to meet their needs?They paved roads and built aqueducts for fresh water.
What is Pax Romana? What are its characteristics?Pax Romana was a 200-year period of time of peace and prosperity, under the rule of Augustus. Travel was efficient and trade with Asia and Africa thrived.
What events took place within the Colosseum?Gladiator battles between slaves and prisoners that would fight to their deaths
What is the Conflict of Orders? Why is it significant?Because the patricians held all of the power, the plebeians eventually rebelled. The plebeians left the city, camped on a hilltop, and demanded that the patricians fulfill their requests before they would return to the city. The patricians eventually gave in and the plebeians returned to the city, having gained a say in the government through the Consul of Plebeians, etc.
What are some of the theories that historians believe led to the "fall" of Rome?Unemployment, Constantine's division of the empire, barbarian invasions, urban decay, excessive military spending, inferior technology, etc.
How did the rise of Christianity affect the Roman Empire? What did the government blame the Christians for?The Roman government feared that Jesus was teaching that a god was more powerful than the emperor and the Christians were blamed for a 9 day fire and Rome losing power. As a result, the government had many Christians arrested and executed.
What is a democracy? (Who has the power?)A form of government by the people (the people have the power)
What is a monarchy (Who has the power? How did they get the power?)A form of government where one person has the power (they usually inherit their power from their parent)
What is a tyranny? (Who has the power? How did they get the power?)A form of government where one person illegally seizes control (they are supported by the people at first until they become harsh and the people rebel)
What is an oligarchy? (Who has the power? How did they get the power?)A form of government where a few, wealthy men (aristocrats) have the power