Grammar Terms

noriegahouse's version from 2016-01-22 04:46


Question Answer
Auxiliary VerbsThat shit that I hate on simple tense.
Abstract NounsA noun denoting an idea, quality or state rather than a concrete object. (i.e. brilliant, awesome, terrible)
AdverbThese words tipically express manner, place, time, frequency, level of certainty, etc. Answering How? How often? When? Where?
Main VerbThe verb in a phrase or sentence that indicates the main activity that is happening.
CollocationsWords that are regularly used together. For example: do the shopping, depend on, good at, make a plan. Collocations can be grammatical and lexical.
Object PronounsMe, You, His, Her, Them, Us, It
False FriendsWords in two languages (or letters in two alphabets that look or sound the same, but differ significantly in meaning. For example: "Nom" in Polish and "No" in English.
Subject PronounsI, You, He, She, They, We, It
Verb PatternsAnalyze weather the first verb in a sentence is followed by an infinitive verb (i.e. I want to buy an electric car.) or if the first verb in a sentence is followed by a verb with a gerund (i.e. I hate drinking.)
Phrasal Verbs/Multiword VerbsA verb accompanied by a preposition, which changes the meaning of the verb on its own. (i.e. getting on, running into, look up, look for)
Base formIs a verb in infinitive form without "to" before the verb.
Modal VerbIs a verb used with other verbs to show ideas such as ability, obligation or possibility. (i.e. can, should, would, must, need, will)
Reporting Verb (the tattle tale verb of grammar)A verb to report news (i.e. tell, advise, suggest, say, etc.)
Zero Conditional - The Reliable OneIs when a condition is present and the result of this condition is always true. (i.e. If it rains, the ground gets wet.)
First Conditional (Type 1) - There is and will be HopeIs when a condition in present or future tense is possible or likely to happen. (i.e. I will come, if I can.)
Second Conditional (Type 2) - Mission ImpossibleIs when a condition is in present or future tense and it is impossible for it to happen. (i.e. I would play for the NBA, if they asked me to.)
Third Conditional (Type 3) - Regretful SituationsIs used for past situations that can't be changed. (i.e. I would have said 'hi' to her, if I would have seen her.)
Mixed Conditional - The Clueless OneIs used whe the speaker whats to talk about different time frames in one sentence. (i.e. If I had arrived on time, I wouldn't have to wait now.)
ColloquialThese are sayings that are part of the language in a country, but are not grammatically correct. (i.e. Give me a ring when you get home.)
Active VoiceA type of sentence where it is spoken as the subject of the sentence performing an action. (i.e. He scored the goal.)
Passive VoiceA type of sentence where it is spoken as a narrator who explains what happened or what the subject of a sentence did. (i.e. The winning goal was scored by him.)
L1Native language or mother tongue of a person.
L2A person's second language.
HomographA word which is spelled the same as another word, but has a different meaning. (i.e. CLOSE = It's close to the river. (nearby) OR Please close the door. (to shut))
HomonymA word with the same spelling or pronunciation as another word, but that has a different meaning. (i.e. TO BITE = bit [bIt] past tense of bite OR A PIECE = bit [bIt] a piece of cake.)
HomophoneA word which sounds the same as another word, but has a different meaning and may have a different spelling. (i.e. knew AND new)
DiphthongA vowel that makes two vowel sounds. There are eight diphthong sounds in English (three ending in ‘ə’ɪə, eə, ʊə; three ending in ‘ɪ’: eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ; AND two ending in ‘ʊ’: əʊ, aʊ)
AffixBoth a preffix and a suffix.
Compound NounA noung that is a combination of two words. (i.e. flowershop; headache)
Collective NounA group of people or things. (i.e. the police; the government)
Common NounPerson, place, thing or idea.
Countable NounA noun that has a singular and plural form.
Plural NounA plural noun. LOL
Proper NounThe direct name of a person, place, thing or idea. (i.e. Marcin; London; Walmart)
Uncountable NounA noun that cannot be counted. Duh.
Grader ReaderA book where the language has been made easier for learners; a book written in dummy form.
Phoneme/Minimal PairThe samallest sound unit which makes a difference in the meaning between two words. (i.e. best; vest)
Reflexive PronounMyself; Yourself; Himself; Herself; Themselves; Ourselves; Itself
SkimTo read text quickly to get a general idea of the text.
ScanTo read text to gather specific information from the text.

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