A transitive verb has two characteristics. First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like kick, want, paint, write, eat, clean, etc. Second, it must have a direct object, something or someone who receives the action of the verb
What is an intransitive verb?
An intransitive verb has two characteristics. First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like arrive, go, lie, sneeze, sit, die, etc. Second, unlike a transitive verb, it will not have a direct object receiving the action
What is a gerund? Give an example
a phrase with an ing verb that functions as a noun. Buying a new house is a very time consuming task.
What are the different roles of the ing verb?
as part of a progressive verb, as a participle or modifier and as a gerund
What is the rule when using like vs as for comparisons?
The word “like” is a preposition. That means it can be followed only by a noun, not a whole phrase. That means, “like” is useful for comparing nouns, but not useful for comparing actions. Correct: “Joey, like me, plays baseball.” (comparing two nouns, Joey & me.) Incorrect: “I enjoy playing baseball, like Joey does.” (comparing two actions).
First, it will contain a subject and verb. Next, it will begin with a relative pronoun [who, whom, whose, that, or which] or a relative adverb [when, where, or why]. Finally, it will function as an adjective, answering the questions What kind? How many? or Which one?
What pattern does the adj clause follow?
Relative Pronoun or Adverb + Subject + Verb Relative Pronoun as Subject + Verb
An adverb clause will meet three requirements: First, it will contain a subject and verb. You will also find a subordinate conjunction that keeps the clause from expressing a complete thought. Finally, you will notice that the clause answers one of these four adverb questions: How? When? Where? or Why?
The word “like” is a preposition, whose object is a noun, so it’s used for comparing noun-to-noun. The word “as” is a subordinating conjunction, which is followed by a full noun + verb clause, so it is used to compare events, actions.
lie vs lay
lie, lay, has lain. vs lay, laid, has laid present, past, past participle
rather than vs instead of
rather than is widely applicable but instead of must have a noun at the end
Because of vs due to
Because of can appear almost anywhere in a sentence. because of rain, the picnic was cancelled. Because of the ground swell of popular support, the senate, senator reversed his position on endorsing the controversial candidate The picnic was cancelled because of rain. The senator reversed his position on endorsing the controversial candidate, because of a groundswell of popular support. Both of those are also 100% grammatically correct.due is an adjective, a noun modifier. As an adjective, due to could appear after the verb to be. the delay was due to rain.Also, due to can appear as a noun modifier touching a noun. The delay, due to rain, cost the company a significant amount of money. So that phrase, due to rain, is modifying the noun, delay
like vs such as
like means similar to. When we are listing examples we need to use such as, not like.
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